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Discrimination raciale contre le peuple et leur droit à l’autodétermination – Débat de Troisième commission - Communiqué de presse (extraits) Français
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Source: Department of Public Information (DPI)
General Assembly
31 October 2011




General Assembly
GA/SHC/4023

        Department of Public Information • News and Media Division • New York

Sixty-sixth General Assembly
Third Committee
37th Meeting (PM)


UN EXPERT REPORTS 'ALARMING RESURGENCE' IN USE OF MERCENARIES TO VIOLATE HUMAN

RIGHTS, OFTEN IN NEW, NOVEL WAYS, IN STATEMENT TO THIRD COMMITTEE

Also Says Growing Recognition Private Security Companies ‘Must Be Regulated’;
Committee Debate Continues on Elimination of Racism, Right to Self-Determination

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Background

The Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural) met today to continue joint consideration of the elimination of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance and the right of peoples to self-determination. (For more information, please see Press Release GA/SHC/4022.)

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Introduction of Reports

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INGRID SABJA DAZA (Bolivia), aligning with the statement of the Group of 77 developing countries and China, ...

Under the State plan, there was a consolidation of dialogue under the agenda for the Durban Review Conference, she said.  Bolivia respected the ancestral memory of its people and the dialogue among all civilizations, and, thus, reaffirmed its commitment to do away with all forms of discrimination affecting the human rights and fundamental freedoms of people throughout the world.  It was also time for Membership in the United Nations for the people of Palestine, with an end to the illegal settlements on its land and the discrimination and alienation of its people.  They deserved full sovereignty.

NADYA RASHEED, Permanent Observer Mission of Palestine, said that the right to self-determination, as well as the rights to life, liberty, security of persons, freedom of movement, livelihood, education, property, development and other rights continued to be flagrantly violated on a daily basis under Israel’s occupation. There could be no justification for the deliberate planning and expansion of settlements, as well as the continuation of its expansionist wall. There could be no explanation other than that the Israeli Government was not interested in either the two-State solution, or peace and security. That evaluation had been further reconfirmed in the last three weeks, as Israel had announced the construction of nearly 4,000 more settlement units in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, where settlement expansion had been most prevalent.

She said that the Palestinian leadership remained committed to peace and committed to negotiating seriously on all final status issues when the appropriate environment was secured. However, the right of the Palestinian people to self-determination, freedom and independence was not up for negotiation, nor would it be the product of negotiations. That inalienable right was the sole domain of the Palestinian people. Negotiation on the core issues and the expression of self-determination should not be confused by Israel or others as one and the same. Further, Israel should not be allowed to continue obstructing and dictating the terms of the Palestinians’ exercise of that inalienable right. Noting that Palestine’s application for admission to membership to the United Nations was now before the Security Council, she welcomed the admission of Palestine as a full member of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) today.

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GRÉTA GUNNARSDÓTTIR ( Iceland) ...

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She reiterated her country’s long-standing support to peoples’ right to determine their future, noting that the right to self-determination was enshrined in the Charter and should be respected as an inalienable right. In that way, Iceland had been happy to welcome South Sudan as a newly independent State and United Nations Member State last summer. It was determined to contribute to the realization of the inalienable right of the Palestinian people to self-determination and to take steps towards recognizing Palestine through a parliamentary resolution. Iceland fully supported Palestine’s application to be accepted as the 194th Member State.

ABDUL RAZAK SHARIF ( Malaysia) said the principle of self-determination was clearly enshrined in the United Nations Charter. He reiterated his country’s unwavering support for the restoration of the right of the Palestinian people to self-determination, self-rule, the right to national independence and sovereignty, and the right to return to their homes and property. It continued to support all efforts by the international community to find a just, lasting, comprehensive and peaceful settlement to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. It also supported the application of the Palestinians to the United Nations.

He said Malaysia had consistently expressed its concern and condemnation over Israel’s continuous military aggression in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. Any form of violence, even on the pretext of ensuring security, would not contribute towards positive development of the peace process. He called on Israel to immediately fulfil all its obligations, including refraining from provocation. Its recent settlement plans were deplorable and illegal under international law. Indeed, such provocative acts had put the two-State solution in jeopardy, and Malaysia called on Israel to fulfil its international obligations by stopping its settlement activities completely and by abrogating all policies and practices that contravened international law, including the unlawful blockade of Gaza. He stressed that the only way forward in achieving an early and lasting resolution to the conflict was to afford the Palestinians their basic rights as human beings, including their right to an independent State.

MAISAH SOBAIHI ( Saudi Arabia), aligning with the statement of the Group of 77 and China, ...

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... She concluded by saying that undoubtedly the clearest illustration of racial discrimination today was against the Palestinian people.

MOHAMMAD ZAREIAN ( Iran) ...

He further stressed that the Zionist regime continued to defy the rights of the Palestinian people and it was time for the international community to abandon its indifference to the travesty of justice and humanity in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. Palestinians would realize their right to self-determination whether the international community rose to the challenge or not. However, there was historic responsibility to support the just and rightful struggle of the Palestinian people for the establishment of a national homeland. The root causes of the problem should be dealt with and a just and durable peace secured through a democratic process.

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YOUSEF N. ZEIDAN, Permanent Observer Mission of Palestine, said the Palestinian people had not been spared from the sinister experience of racism. That scourge had been used against the Palestinian people since 1948 by Israel, including by the expulsion of indigenous Palestinians from their homeland so they could be replaced with Jewish settlers. He noted that over 500,000 Jewish settlers had been illegally transferred by the occupying Power to nearly 225 Israeli settlements built on confiscated Palestinian land throughout the occupied West Bank, including East Jerusalem, in grave breach of the Fourth Geneva Convention. Israel’s calculated and discriminatory policies targeted Palestinians in every aspect of their life, from residency, water, electricity, roads, education, construction, tax collection, marriage, citizenship laws, identification cards and access to holy places.

Inviting the Committee members to imagine life as a Palestinian man or woman living in the Old City of Jerusalem, he said that, among other things, they could not be absent from their city for more than two years or their residency would be revoked. Palestinians were barred from entering Holy Jerusalem to celebrate Easter at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, or Eid al-Adha at the Al-Aqsa Mosque. Israel’s persistent violations of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racism and the International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid of 1973 were ample proof of its intention to continue its apartheid-like policies at the expense of an entire people, as well as of peace. He noted that its belligerency and impunity had been translated into violence, including in the rise in settler attacks against Palestinian civilians, property and crops. Political will must be mustered to finally bring an end to Israel’s occupation, as well as its racist and discriminatory actions and policies.

OTHMAN JERANDI ( Tunisia) ...

... Despite endeavours to combat intolerance, exclusion and extremism still appeared in parts of the world – countries must do away with injustice among people, establishing freedom and justice among them, he said, urging a lasting end of the Arab-Israeli conflict through freedom for the Palestinian people.

HAIDER ABULHASSAN ( Kuwait) ...

... He also stressed that Israel’s policies in the Occupied Palestinian Territory and the occupied Syrian Golan were racist. Moreover, the construction of the barrier wall was in violation of the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice. He called for a genuine campaign to defend the religious sites in the area. ...

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ANDRÉS FIALLO ( Ecuador) ... \

... Lastly, he said Ecuador recognized the Palestinian people and their right to self-determination in a Palestinian State.


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For information media • not an official record

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