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UNITED
NATIONS
A

        General Assembly
Distr.
GENERAL
A/42/780
18 November 1987

ORIGINAL: ENGLISH

Forty-second session
Agenda item 79


UNITED NATIONS RELIEF AND WORKS AGENCY FOR
PALESTINE REFUGEES IN THE NEAR EAST

Report of the Special Political Committee

Rapporteur: Mr. Mpumelelo J. HLOPHE (Swaziland)


1. The item entitled:
was included in the provisional agenda of the forty-second session of the General Assembly in accordance with Assembly resolution 41/69 A to K of 3 December 1986.

2. At its 3rd plenary meeting, on 21 September 1987, the General Assembly, on the recommendation of the General Committee, decided to include the item in its agenda and to allocate it to the Special Political Committee.

3. The Special Political Committee examined the item at its 8th to 15th meetings, between 26 October and 4 November 1987 (see A/SPC/42/SR.8-15).

4. The Committee had before it the following documents:

(a) Report of the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East for the period 1 July 1986 to 30 June 1987; 1/

(b) Report of the Working Group on the Financing of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (A/42/633);

(c) Note by the Secretary-General, transmitting the report of the United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine, in accordance with paragraph 6 of General Assembly resolution 512 (VI) of 26 January 1952 and paragraph 4 of General Assembly resolution 41/69 A of 3 December 1986 (A/42/515);

(d) Report of the Secretary-General submitted in pursuance of General Assembly resolution 41/69 D of 3 December 1986 (A/42/445);

(e) Report of the Secretary-General submitted in pursuance of General Assembly resolution 41/69 E of 3 December 1986 (A/42/507);

(f) Report of the Secretary-General submitted in pursuance of General Assembly resolution 41/69 F of 3 December 1987 (A/42/446);

(g) Report of the Secretary-General submitted in pursuance of paragraph 5 General Assembly resolution 41/69 G of 3 December 1986 (A/42/480);

(h) Report of the Secretary-General submitted in pursuance of General Assembly resolution 41/69 H of 3 December 1986 (A/42/505);

(i) Report of the Secretary-General submitted in pursuance of General Assembly resolution 41/69 I of 3 December 1986 (A/42/481);

(j) Report of the Secretary-General submitted in pursuance of General Assembly resolution 41/69 J of 3 December 1986 (A/42/482);

(k) Report of the Secretary-General submitted in pursuance of General Assembly resolution 41/69 K of 3 December 1986 (A/42/309).

5. At its 8th meeting, on 26 October, the Committee heard a statement by the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), who introduced his report. 1/

6. At the same meeting, the representative of Norway, Rapporteur of the Working Group on the Financing of UNRWA, introduced the report of the Working Group (A/42/633).

II. CONSIDERATION OF PROPOSALS

7. In the course of its deliberations, the Special Political Committee considered 11 draft resolutions, as set forth below.

A. Draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.6

8. At the 15th meeting, on 4 November, the representative of the United States of America introduced a draft resolution (A/SPC/42/L.6) entitled "Assistance to Palestine refugees", sponsored by his delegation.

9. At the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.6 by a recorded vote of 125 to none, with 1 abstention (see para. 33, draft resolution A). The vote was as follows: 2/
B. Draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.7

10. At the 15th meeting, on 4 November, the representative of the Netherlands introduced a draft resolution (A/SPC/42/L.7), entitled "Working Group on the Financing of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East" sponsored by Austria, Bangladesh, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Federal Republic of, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Spain, Sweden and Yugoslavia, subsequently joined by Liberia.

11. At the same meeting, the Chairman made a statement concerning the programme budget implications of the draft resolution contained in document A/SPC/42/L.7 (see A/SPC/42/SR.15, para. 1).

12. Also at the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.7 without a vote (see para. 33, draft resolution B). 2/

C. Draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.8

13. At the 15th meeting, on 4 November, the representative of Sweden introduced a draft resolution (A/SPC/42/L.8), entitled "Assistance to persons displaced as a result of the June 1967 and subsequent hostilities" sponsored by Austria, Bangladesh, Belgium, Canada, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Federal Republic of, Greece, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, Mali, the Netherlands, Norway, Pakistan, the Philippines, Samoa, Spain, Sri Lanka and Sweden.

14. At the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.8 without a vote (see para. 33, draft resolution C). 2/

D. Draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.9/Rev.1

15. At the 15th meeting, on 4 November, the representative of Bangladesh introduced a draft resolution (A/SPC/42/L.9/Rev.1), entitled "Offers by Member States of grants and scholarships for higher education, including vocational training, for Palestine refugees" sponsored by Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cuba, Egypt, Indonesia, Jordan, Malaysia, Pakistan, and Yugoslavia.

16. At the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.9/Rev.1 by a recorded vote of 126 to none, with 1 abstention (see para. 33, draft resolution D). The voting was as follows: 2/
E. Draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.10

17. At the 15th meeting, on 4 November, the representative of Pakistan introduced draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.10, entitled "Palestine refugees in the Gaza Strip", sponsored by Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cuba, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan and Yugoslavia.

18. At the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.10 by a recorded vote of 123 to 2, with 2 abstentions (see para. 33, draft resolution E). The voting was as follows: 2/
F. Draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.11

19. At the 14th meeting, on 4 November, the representative of Pakistan introduced draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.12, entitled "Resumption of the ration distribution to Palestine refugees" sponsored by Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cuba, Egypt, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan and Yugoslavia.

20. At the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.11 by a recorded vote of 103 to 19, with 5 abstentions (see para 33, draft resolution F) . The voting was as follows: 2/
G. Draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.12

21. At its 14th meeting, on 4 November, the representative of Bangladesh introduced draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.12, entitled "Population and refugees displaced since 1967" sponsored by Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cuba, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan and Yugoslavia.

22. At the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.12 by a recorded vote of 102 to 2, with 23 abstentions (see para 33, draft resolution G). The voting was as follows: 2/
H. Draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.13

23. At the 15th meeting, on 4 November, the representative of Bangladesh introduced draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.13, entitled "Revenues derived from Palestine refugee properties" sponsored by Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cuba, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Malaysia and Pakistan.

24. At the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.13 by a recorded vote of 99 to 2, with 25 abstentions (see para. 33, draft resolution H). The voting was as follows: 2/
I. Draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.14

25. At its 15th meeting, on 4 November, the representative of Pakistan introduced draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.14 entitled "Protection of Palestine refugees", sponsored by Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cuba, Egypt, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan and Yugoslavia.

26. At the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.14 by a recorded vote of 102 to 2, with 23 abstentions (see para. 33, resolution I). The voting was as follows: 2/
J. Draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.15

27. At its 15th meeting, on 4 November, the representative of Pakistan introduced draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.15 entitled "Palestine refugees in the West Bank", sponsored by Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cuba, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan and Yugoslavia.

28. At the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.15 by a recorded vote of 121 to 2, with 4 abstentions (see para. 33, resolution J). The voting was as follows:
K. Draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.16

29. At the 34th meeting, on 28 November, the representative of Bangladesh introduced draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.16, entitled "University of Jerusalem 'Al-Quds' for Palestine Refugees" sponsored by Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cuba, Egypt, Jordan, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan and Yugoslavia.

30. At the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution A/SPC/42/L.16 by a recorded vote of 125 to 2, with 1 abstention (see para. 33, draft resolution K). The voting was as follows:
31. Before the voting on all the draft resolutions, a statement in connection with the draft resolutions was made by the representative of Israel.

32. Following the voting on the draft resolutions, the representative of Finland, Sweden, Israel, Austria, Canada, Denmark, on behalf of the 12 members of the European Community, the Islamic Republic of Iran and the United States of America made statements in explanation of vote.

III. RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE SPECIAL POLITICAL COMMITTEE

33. The Special Political Committee recommends to the General Assembly the adoption of the following draft resolutions:

United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees
in the Near East

A

Assistance to Palestine refugees

The General Assembly,

Recalling its resolution 41/69 A of 3 December 1986 and all its previous resolutions on the question, including resolution 194 (III) of 11 December 1948,

Taking note of the report of the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, covering the period from 1 July 1986 to 30 June 1987, 3/

1. Notes with deep regret that repatriation of compensation of the refugees as provided for in paragraph 11 of General Assembly resolution 194 (III) has not been effected, that no substantial progress has been made in the programme endorsed by the Assembly in paragraph 2 of its resolution 513 (VI) of 26 January 1952 for the reintegration of refugees either by repatriation or resettlement and that, therefore, the situation of the refugees continue to be a matter of serious concern;

2. Expresses its thanks to the Commissioner-General and to all the staff of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, recognizing that the Agency is doing all it can within the limits of available resources, and also expresses its thanks to the specialized agencies and private organizations for their valuable work in assisting the refugees;

3. Reiterates its request that the headquarters of the Agency should be relocated to its former site within its area of operations as soon as practicable;

4. Notes with regret that the United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine has been unable to find a means of achieving progress in the implementation of paragraph 11 of General Assembly resolution 194 (III), and requests the Commission to exert continued efforts towards the implementation of that paragraph and to report to the Assembly as appropriate, but no later than 1 September 1989;

5. Directs attention to the continuing seriousness of the financial position of the Agency, as outlined in the report of the Commissioner-General;

6. Notes with profound concern that, despite the commendable and successful efforts of the Commissioner-General to collect additional contributions, this increased level of income to the Agency is still insufficient to cover essential budget requirements in the present year and that, at currently foreseen levels of giving, deficits will recur each year;

7. Calls upon all Governments, as a matter of urgency, to make the most generous efforts possible to meet the anticipated needs of the Agency, particularly in the light of the budgetary deficit projected in the report of the
Commissioner-General, and therefore urges non-contributing Governments to contribute regularly and contributing Governments to consider increasing their regular contributions.


B

Working Group on the Financing of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency
for Palestine Refugees in the Near East


The General Assembly,

Recalling its resolutions 2656 (XXV) of 7 December 1970, 2728 (XXV) of 15 December 1970, 2791 (XXVI) of 6 December 1971, 2964 (XXVII) of 13 December 1972, 3090 (XXVIII) of 7 December 1973, 3330 (XXIX) of 17 December 1974, 3419 D (XXX) of 8 December 1975, 31/15 C of 23 November 1976, 32/90 D of 13 December 1977, 33/112 D of 18 December 1978, 34/52 D of 23 November 1979, 35/13 D of 3 November 1980, 36/146 E of 16 December 1981, 37/120 A of 16 December 1982, 38/83 B of 15 December 1983, 39/99 B of 14 December 1984, 40/165 B of 16 December 1985 and 41/69 B of 3 December 1986,

Recalling also its decision 36/462 of 16 March 1982, whereby it took note of the special report of the Working Group on the Financing of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency tor Palestine Refugees in the Near East 4/ and adopted the recommendations contained therein,

Having considered the report of the Working Group on the Financing of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency tor Palestine Refugees in the Near East, 5/

Taking into account the report of the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, covering the period from 1 July 1986 to 30 June 1987, 3/

Deeply concerned at the critical financial situation of the Agency, which permits the provision of only minimum services to the Palestine refugees,

Emphasizing the continuing need for extraordinary efforts in order to maintain, at least at the present minimum level, the activities of the Agency, as well as to enable the Agency to carry out essential construction,

1. Commends the Working Group on the Financing of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East for its efforts to assist in ensuring the Agency's financial security;

2. Takes note with approval of the report of the Working Group;

3. Requests the Working Group to continue its efforts, in co-operation with the Secretary-General and the Commissioner-General, for the financing of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East for a further period of one year;

4. Requests the Secretary-General to provide the necessary services and assistance to the Working Group for the conduct of its work.

C

Assistance to persons displaced as a result of the
June 1967 and subsequent hostilities


The General Assembly,

Recalling its resolution 41/69 C of 3 December 1986 and all previous resolutions on the question,

Taking note of the report of the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, covering the period from 1 July 1986 to 30 June 1987, 3/

Concerned about the continued human suffering resulting from the hostilities in the Middle East,

1. Reaffirms its resolution 41/69 C and all its previous resolutions on the question;

2. Endorses, bearing in mind the objectives of those resolutions, the efforts of the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East to continue to provide humanitarian assistance as far as practicable, on an emergency basis and as a temporary measure, to other persons in the area who are at present displaced and in serious need of continued assistance as a result of the June 1967 and subsequent hostilities;

3. Strongly appeals to all Governments and to organizations and individuals to contribute generously for the above purposes to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East and to the other intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations concerned.


D

Offers by Member States of grants and scholarships for higher education,
including vocational training, for Palestine refugees

The General Assembly,

Recalling its resolution 212 (III) of 19 November 1948 on assistance to Palestine refugees,

Recalling also its resolutions 35/13 B of 3 November 1980, 36/146 H of 16 December 1981, 37/120 D of 16 December 1982, 38/83 D of 15 December 1983, 39/99 D of 14 December 1984, 40/165 D of 16 December 1985 and 41/69 of 3 December 1986,

Cognizant of the fact that the Palestine refugees have, for the last four decades, lost their homes, lands and means of livelihood,

Having considered the report of the Secretary-General, 6/

Having also considered the report of the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, covering the period from 1 July 1986 to 30 June 1987, 3/

1. Urges all States to respond to the appeal contained in General Assembly resolution 32/90 F of 13 December 1977 and reiterated in subsequent relevant resolutions in a manner commensurate with the needs of Palestine refugees for higher education, including vocational training;

2. Strongly appeals to all States, specialized agencies and non-governmental organizations to augment the special allocations for grants and scholarships to Palestine refugees in addition to their contributions to the regular budget of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East;

3. Expresses its appreciation to all Governments, specialized agencies and non-governmental organizations that responded favourably to General Assembly resolutions 41/69 D;

4. Invites the relevant specialized agencies and other organizations of the United Nations system to continue, within their respective spheres of competence, to extend assistance for higher education to Palestine refugee students;

5. Appeals to all States, specialized agencies and the United Nations University to contribute generously to the Palestinian universities in the Palestinian territory occupied by Israel since 1967, including, in due course, the
proposed University of Jerusalem "Al-Quds" for Palestine refugees;

6. Also appeals to all States, specialized agencies and other international bodies to contribute towards the establishment of vocational training centres for Palestine refugees;

7. Requests the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East to act as the recipient and trustee for the special allocations for grants and scholarships and to award them to qualified Palestine refugee candidates;

8. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General Assembly at its forty-fourth session on the implementation of the present resolution.

E

Palestine refugees in the Gaza Strip

The General Assembly,

Recalling Security Council resolution 237 (1967) of 14 June 1967,

Recalling also General Assembly resolutions 2792 C (XXVI) of 6 December 1971, 2963 C (XXVII) of 13 December 1972, 3089 C (XXVIII) of 1 December 1973, 3331 D (XXIX) of 17 December 1974, 3419 C (XXX) of 8 December 1975, 31/15 E of 23 November 1976, 32/90 C of 13 December 1977, 33/112 E of 18 December 1978, 34/52 F of 23 November 1979, 35/13 F of 3 November 1980, 36/146 A of 16 December 1981, 37/120 E of 16 December 1982, 38/83 E of 15 December 1983, 39/99 E of 14 December 1984, 40/165 E of 16 December 1985 and 41/69 E of 3 December 1986,

Having considered the report of the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, covering the period from 1 July 1986 to 30 June 1987, 3/ and the report of the Secretary-General, 7/

Recalling the provisions of paragraph 11 of its resolution 194 (III) of 11 December 1948, and considering that measures to resettle Palestine refugees in the Gaza Strip away from their homes and property from which they were displaced constitute a violation of their inalienable right of return,

Alarmed by the reports received from the Commissioner-General that the Israeli occupying authorities, in contravention of Israel's obligation under international law, persist in their policy of demolishing shelters occupied by refugee families,

Emphasizing the statement contained in paragraph 17 of the report of the Commissioner-General, which reads as follows:

1. Reiterates strongly its demand that Israel desist from the removal and resettlement of Palestine refugees in the Gaza Strip and from the destruction of their shelters;

2. Requests the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, to address the acute situation of the Palestinian refugees in the Gaza Strip and accordingly to extend all the services of the Agency to those refugees;

3. Requests the Secretary-General after consulting with the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, to report to the General Assembly, before the opening of its forty-third session, on Israel's compliance with paragraph 1 above.

F

Resumption of the ration distribution to Palestine refugees

The General Assembly,

Recalling its resolution 36/146 F of 16 December 1981, 37/120 F of 16 December 1982, 38/83 F of 15 December 1983, 39/99 F of 14 December 1984, 40/165 F of 16 December 1985 and 41/69 F of 3 December 1986 and all its previous resolutions on the question, including resolution 302 (IV) of 8 December 1949,

Having considered the report of the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, covering the period from 1 July 1986 to 30 June 1987, 3/ and the report of the Secretary-General, 8/

Deeply concerned at the interruption by the Agency, owing to financial difficulties, of the general ration distribution to Palestine refugees in all fields,

1. Regrets that its resolution 37/120 F, 38/83 F, 39/99 F, 40/165 F and 41/69 F have not been implemented;

2. Calls once again upon all Governments, as a matter of urgency, to make the most generous efforts possible and to offer the necessary resources to meet the needs of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, particularly in the light of the interruption by the Agency of the general ration distribution to Palestine refugees in all fields, and therefore urges non-contributing Governments to contribute regularly and contributing Governments to consider increasing their regular contributions;

3. Requests the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East to resume on a continuing basis the interrupted general ration distribution to Palestine refugees in all fields;

4. Requests the Secretary-General, in consultation with the Commissioner-General, to report to the General Assembly at its forty-third session on the implementation of the present resolution.

G

Population and refugees displaced since 1967

The General Assembly,

Recalling Security Council resolution 237 (1967) of 14 June 1967,

Recalling also its resolutions 2252 (ES-V) of 4 July 1967, 2452 A (XXIII) of 19 December 1968, 2535 B (XXIV) of 10 December 1969, 2672 D (XXV) of 8 December 1970, 2792 E (XXVI) of 6 December 1971, 2963 C and D (XXVII) of 13 December 1972; 3089 C (XXVIII) of 7 December 1973; 3331 D (XXIX) of 17 December 1974, 3419 C (XXX) of 8 December 1975, 31/15 D of 23 November 1976, 32/90 E of 13 December 1977, 33/112 F of 18 December 1978, 34/52 E of 23 November 1979, ES-7/2 of 29 July 1980, 35/13 E of 3 November 1980, 36/146 B of 16 December 1981, 37/120 G of 16 December 1982, 38/83 G of 15 December 1983, 39/99 G of 14 December 1984, 40/165 G of 16 December 1985 and 41/69 G of 3 December 1986,

Having considered the report of the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, covering the period from 1 July 1986 to 30 June 1987, 3/ and the report of the Secretary-General, 9/

1. Reaffirms the inalienable right of all displaced inhabitants to return to their homes or former places of residence in the territories occupied by Israel since 1967, and declares once more that any attempt to restrict, or to attach conditions to, the free exercise of the right to return by any displaced person is inconsistent with that inalienable right and is inadmissible;

2. Considers any and all agreements embodying any restriction on, or condition for, the return of the displaced inhabitants as null and void;

3. Strongly deplores the continued refusal of the Israeli authorities to take steps for the return of the displaced inhabitants;

4. Calls once more upon Israel:

5. Requests the Secretary-General, after consulting with the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, to report to the General Assembly, before the opening or its forty-third session, on Israel's compliance with paragraph 4 above.

H

Revenues derived from Palestine refugee properties

The General Assembly,

Recalling its resolutions 35/13 A to F of 3 November 1980, 30/146 C of 16 December 1981, 37/120 H of 16 December 1982, 38/83 H of 15 December 1983, 39/99 H of 14 December 1984, 40/165 H of 16 December 1985, 41/69 H of 3 December 1986 and all its previous resolutions on the question, including resolution 194 (III) of 11 December 1948,

Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General, 10/

Taking note also of the report of the United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine, covering the period from 1 September 1986 to 31 August 1987, 11/

Recalling that the Universal Declaration for Human Rights 12/ and the principles of international law uphold the principle that no one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his or her private property,

Considering that the Palestine Arab refugees are entitled to their property and to the income derived from their property, in conformity with the principles of justice and equity,

Recalling in particular its resolution 394 (V) of 14 December 1950, in which it directed the United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine, in consultation with the parties concerned, to prescribe measures for the protection of the rights, property and interests of the Palestine Arab refugees,

Taking note of the completion of the programme of identification and evaluation of Arab property, as announced by the United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine in its twenty-second progress report, 13/ and of the fact that the Land Office had a schedule of Arab owners and file of documents defining the location, area and other particulars of Arab property,

1. Requests the Secretary-General to take all appropriate steps, in consultation with the United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine, for the protection and administration of Arab property, assets and property rights in Israel and to establish a fund for the receipt of income derived therefrom, on behalf of the rightful owners;

2. Calls one more upon Israel to render all facilities and assistance to the Secretary-General in the implementation of the present resolution;

3. Calls upon the Governments of all the other Member States concerned to provide the Secretary-General with any pertinent information in their possession concerning Arab property, assets and property rights in Israel, which would assist the Secretary-General in the implementation of the present resolution;

4. Deplores Israel's refusal to co-operate with the Secretary-General in the implementation of the resolutions on the question;

5. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General Assembly at its forty-third session on the implementation of the present resolution.

I

Protection or Palestine refugees

The General Assembly,

Recalling in particular, recent Security Council resolutions 508 (1982) of 5 June 1982, 509 (1982) of 6 June 1982, 511 (1982) of 18 June 1982, 512 (1982) of 19 June 1982, 513 (1982) of 4 July 1982, 515 (1982) of 29 July 1982, 517 (1982) of 4 August 1982, 518 (1982) of 12 August 1982, 519 (1982) of 17 August 1982, 520 (1982) of 17 September 1982 and 523 (1982) of 18 October 1982,

Recalling General Assembly resolutions ES-7/5 of 26 June 1982, ES-7/6 and ES-7/8 of 19 August 1982, ES-7/9 of 24 September 1982, 37/120 J of 16 December 1982, 38/83 I of 15 December 1983, 39/99 I of 14 December 1984, 40/165 I of 16 December 1985 and 41/69 I of 3 December 1986,

Having considered the report of the Secretary-General of 18 August 1987, 14/

Having also considered the report of the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, covering the period from 1 July 1986 to 30 June 1987, 3/

Referring to the humanitarian principles of the Geneva Convention relative to the protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, 15/ and to the obligations arising from the regulations annexed to the Hague Convention IV of 1907, 16/

Deeply concerned at the marked deterioration in the security situation experienced by the Palestine refugees as stated by the Commissioner-General in his report,

Deeply distressed at the continuous suffering of the Palestinians resulting from the Israeli invasion of Lebanon and it consequences,

Deeply distressed at the tragic situation of the civilian population in and around the Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon resulting from the fighting,

Recognizing the efforts of the Secretary-General and the Commissioner-General to promote a co-ordinated programme of assistance for Lebanon by the other United Nations agencies, as reflected in paragraph 15 of the Commissioner-General's report, 2/

Reaffirming its support for the sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of Lebanon, within its internationally recognized boundaries,

1. Holds Israel responsible for the security of the Palestine refugees in the occupied Palestinian and other Arab territories occupied since 1967, including Jerusalem, and calls upon it to fulfil its obligations as the occupying power in this regard, in accordance with the pertinent provisions of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949;

2. Urges the Secretary-General, in consultation with the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, to undertake effective measures to guarantee the safety and security and the legal and human rights of the Palestine refugees in all the territories under Israeli occupation in 1967 and thereafter;

3. Calls once again upon Israel, the occupying Power, to release forthwith all detained Palestine refugees, including the employees of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East;

4. Urges the Commissioner-General, in consultation with the Government of Lebanon, to provide housing to the Palestine refugees whose houses were demolished or razed by the Israeli forces;

5. Requests the Commissioner-General, in consultation with the Government of Lebanon, to provide emergency housing repairs for the shelters and Agency installations that have been partly damaged or destroyed in the fighting;

6. Calls once again upon Israel to compensate the Agency for the damage to its property and facilities resulting from the Israeli invasion of Lebanon, without prejudice to Israel's responsibility for all damages resulting from that invasion;

7. Requests the Secretary-General, in consultation with the Commissioner-General, to report to the General Assembly, before the openings of its forty-third session, on the implementation of the present resolution.

J

Palestine refugees in the West Bank

The General Assembly,

Recalling Security Council resolution 237 (1967) of 14 June 1967,

Recalling also General Assembly resolutions 38/83 J of 15 December 1983, 39/99 J of 14 December 1984, 40/165 J of 16 December 1985 and 41/69 J of 3 December 1986,

Having considered the report of the Secretary-General, 17/

Having also considered the report of the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, covering the period from 1 July 1986 to 30 June 1987, 3/

Alarmed also by Israel's plans to remove and resettle the Palestine refugees of the West Bank and destroy their camps,

Recalling the provisions of paragraph 11 of its resolution 194 (III) of 11 December 1948, and considering that measures to resettle Palestine refugees in the West Bank away from the homes and property from which they were displaced constitute a violation of their inalienable right of return,

1. Calls one again upon Israel to abandon those plans and to refrain from any action that leads to the removal and resettlement of Palestine refugees in the West Bank and from the destruction of their camps;

2. Requests the Secretary-General, in co-operation with the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, to keep the matter under close supervision and to report to the General Assembly, before the opening of its forty-third session, on any developments regarding this matter.

K

University of Jerusalem "Al-Quds" for Palestine Refugees

The General Assembly,

Recalling its resolutions 36/146 G of 16 December 1981, 37/120 C of 16 December 1982, 38/83 K of 15 December 1983, 39/99 K of 14 December 1984, 40/165 D and K of 16 December 1985 and 41/69 K of 3 December 1986,

Having considered the report of the Secretary-General, 18/

Having also considered the report of the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, covering the period from 1 July 1986 to 30 June 1987, 3/

1. Emphasizes the need for strengthening the educational system in the Arab territories occupied since 5 June 1967, including Jerusalem, and specifically the need for the establishment of the proposed university;

2. Requests the Secretary-General to continue to take all necessary measures for establishing the University of Jerusalem "Al-Quds", in accordance with Assembly resolution 35/13 B of 3 November 1980, giving due consideration to the recommendations consistent with the provisions of that resolution;

3. Calls once more upon Israel, the occupying Power, to co-operate in the implementation of the present resolution and to remove the hindrances that it has put in the way of establishing the University of Jerusalem "Al-Quds";

4. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General Assembly at its forty-third session on the progress made in the implementation of the present resolution.

-----


Notes

1/ Official Records of the General Assembly, Forty-second Session, Supplement No.13 (A/42/13 and Add.1).

2/ The representative of Luxembourg subsequently stated that, had his delegation been present, it would have voted in favour of draft resolutions A/SPC/42/L.6, L.7, L.8, L.9/Rev.1, L.10, L.15 and L.16; against L.11; and would have abstained on L.12, L.13 and L.14.

3/ Official Records of the General Assembly, Forty-second Session, Supplement No.13 (A/42/13 and Add.1).

4/ See A/36/866; see also A/37/591.

5/ A/42/633.

6/ A/42/445.

7/ A/42/507.

8/ A/42/446.

9/ A/42/480.

10/ A/42/505.

11/ A/42/515, annex.

12/ Resolution 217 A (III).

13/ Official Records of the General Assembly, Nineteenth Session, Annex No. 11, document A/5700.

14/ A/42/481.

15/ United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 75, No. 973.

16/ Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, The Hague Conventions and Declarations of 1899 and 1907 (New York, Oxford University Press, 1915) , p. 100.

17/ A/42/482.

18/ A/42/309.


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