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Droit de peuple Palestine à l’autodétermination - Débat de la Troisième Commission de l’AG – Compte rendu (extraits)

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UNITED
NATIONS
A

        General Assembly
Distr.
GENERAL
A/C.3/66/SR.37
7 February 2011

Original: English

Sixty-sixth session
Official Records




Third Committee

Summary record of the 37th meeting
Held at Headquarters, New York, on Monday, 31 October 2011, at 3 p.m.

Chair: Mr. Zelioli (Vice-Chair) ............................................................. (Italy)


Contents




Agenda item 67: Elimination of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance (continued) (A/66/366-S/2011/584)

Agenda item 68: Right of peoples to self-determination (continued) (A/66/172 and A/66/317)

/...

18. Ms. Sabja Daza (Plurinational State of Bolivia) ...

/...

19. Palestine should be recognized as a Member State of the United Nations. All Palestinian prisoners should be released. There should be an end to illegal settlements on Palestinian land and to exclusion, exile and discrimination.

20. Ms. Rasheed (Observer for Palestine) said that the creation of illegal settlements throughout Palestinian territory was the most flagrant way in which Israel violated Palestinians’ human rights. The existence of more than 100 new Israeli settlements with over 500,000 Israeli settlers, expropriating some of the best land and water resources and on the site of the proposed capital, indicated that the Government of Israel was interested neither in a two-State solution nor in peace and security. In the last three weeks, in the midst of serious diplomatic efforts by all parties, Israel had announced the construction of nearly 4,000 additional settlement units.

21. Israel must demonstrate its commitment to peace with actions, not merely empty words. The right of the Palestinian people to self-determination was not negotiable. Negotiations on the core issues and the expression of Palestinian self-determination should not be considered one and the same.

22. The application of the State of Palestine for admission to membership in the United Nations was currently before the Security Council. After four decades of occupation and more than 60 years of dispossession, the international community must finally do right by the Palestinian people by supporting the realization of its inalienable rights.

/...

28. Mr. Razak-Sharif (Malaysia) reiterated his country’s firm support for the restoration of the right of the Palestinian people to self-determination and sovereignty and the property from which they had been displaced. Malaysia fully supported the right to an independent State of Palestine based on the two-State solution and taking into consideration both parties’ security concerns. Malaysia had consistently condemned Israel’s continuous military aggression. Violence, even under the pretext of ensuring security, would not contribute to positive developments or peace. Recent Israeli settlement plans were illegal and placed the two-State solution in jeopardy. Israel was urged to cease all settlement activities and all violations of international law, including the blockade of Gaza.

29. Ms. Sobaihi (Saudi Arabia) ...

/...

31. The clearest example of racism in the world today was the discrimination practiced by Israel, which evicted Palestinians from their land, was building a separating wall and demolished religious and archaeological sites, with a view to wiping out the identity of the Palestinian people.

32. Mr. Zareian (Islamic Republic of Iran) ...

/...

33. The international community should take effective measures to ban the Islamophobic activities of right-wing political parties and adopt practical measures to combat other forms of racism. The international community must cease its indifference to the massive human rights violations committed against Palestinians by Israel. Peace would not prevail in the region as a whole until the State of Palestine was established.

/...

40. Mr. Sugavanam (India) ...

/...

41. While the right to self-determination was a right of peoples in non-self-governing territories and trust territories, it should not be used to encourage secession and undermine pluralist and democratic States. Nor should it be used to undermine the territorial integrity of a State. India’s support for the self-determination of the Palestinian people was unwavering. It supported their struggle for an independent viable State within secure borders at peace with Israel.

/...

43. Mr. Zeidan (Palestine) said that Israel’s longstanding practice of expelling indigenous Palestinians from their homeland and replacing them with Jewish settlers was an expression of racism. Since 1967, Israel had institutionalized colonial and apartheid-like policies aimed at controlling as much land as possible, inhabited by the smallest number of Palestinians possible.

44. Israel had illegally attempted to Judaize Jerusalem. Some 500,000 Jewish settlers had been illegally transferred to nearly 225 Israeli settlements built on confiscated Palestinian land, in grave breach of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War. As a result of such policies, the two-State solution remained elusive. The discriminatory practices of Israel affected every aspect of Palestinian life, including residency, water, electricity, roads, education, construction, tax collection, marriage and citizenship laws, identification cards and access to holy places. A Palestinian whose family had lived in Jerusalem for generations held temporary residency and could not be absent from the city for more than two years without losing residency. Palestinian children did not receive the same education as their Jewish neighbours. Palestinians did not have the right to make simple alterations to their houses, such as building a chicken coop or an additional floor. Palestinians could not access settler roads. A Palestinian could not take the shortest road to the nearest hospital but had to take a longer road to a more distant hospital. Israel was in persistent violation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination and the International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid. In recent years, there had been a rise in settler attacks against Palestinian civilian, property and crops. Hate crimes were committed against Palestinian mosques, churches and cemeteries by Israeli settlers under cover of night, with the protection of Israeli forces. Sites had been burned, and slurs and slogans had been written in the ashes.

45. Mr. Bayoudh (Tunisia) ...

/...

46. ... The international community must also address unemployment among young people. It must put an end to the injustices suffered by the Palestinians and other peoples under occupation.

47. Mr. Abulhasan (Kuwait) ...

/...

48. Israeli racist policies in the Occupied Palestinian Territory and the Syrian Golan must be halted. Israel was in direct violation of the decision of the International Court of Justice on the construction of the separating wall. Religious sites in the area must be protected.

/...

The meeting rose at 6.10 p.m.



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