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Press Release
UNITED NATIONS
Department of Public Information · News Coverage Service · New York


Fifty-fifth General Assembly
Plenary
35th Meeting (PM)
GA/9788
17 October 2000

GENERAL ASSEMBLY TAKES UP REPORT OF SECURITY COUNCIL
Also Decides to Include Three Additional
Items in Fifty-fifth Regular Session Agenda



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Assembly Work Programme

The General Assembly met this afternoon to consider the Report of the Security Council covering the period from 16 June 1999 to 15 June 2000, and the report of its General Committee on organization of work for the session. The report of the Security Council (document A/55/2) was submitted to the Assembly in accordance with the provisions of the Charter. During the year under review, the report notes, the Council held 144 formal meetings, adopted 57 resolutions and issued 38 statements by the President. In addition, there were 194 “consultations of the whole” among council members, for a total of some 394 hours. The Council considered more than 85 reports by the Secretary-General, and reviewed and processed more than 1,165 documents and communications from States and regional and other intergovernmental organizations.

Part I of the report deals with questions relating to the Council’s responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. The Council met frequently on the following items: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Cyprus, East Timor, Angola, Georgia, Tajikistan, Sierra Leone, Afghanistan, Western Sahara, Iraq and Kuwait, Central African Republic, Somalia, Burundi, Guinea-Bissau, Rwanda, Ethiopia and Eritrea, and the situation in the Middle East.

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Statements

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GELSON FONSECA (Brazil) said that ... The Middle East was also a source of grave concern, especially after the events of recent weeks, he said. Brazil welcomed the adoption of Security Council resolution 1322 and stressed the need for the Council to respond to possible outbreaks of violence in the region. Brazil also reaffirmed that resolutions 242 (1967) and 338 (1973) must be the basis to a just and lasting solution to the Arab-Israeli conflict. ...

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JASSIM MOHAMMED BUALLAY (Bahrain) said his country had been able to see at first-hand the importance of the Security Council, yet it was also aware that there were many obstacles preventing the Council from achieving its purpose. There needed to be equitable representation in the Council. It went without saying that the political map was different when the United Nations Charter was established.

Transparency in the Security Council was an important consideration, since collective security presupposed the participation of the largest number of people from the international community. There had been an increasing openness within the Council, but not enough to allow non-members to participate effectively. He said there were also differences in the means of dealing with various issues between permanent and non-permanent members of the Council. There was also a crisis in peacekeeping operations. While each operation had its specificity, there was no clear organization or methodology. There was also a need for a standardized system to mitigate the negative effects of sanctions. Impositions of sanctions should not be comprehensive, but should concentrate on specific aspects. That was a matter in need of a radical review. He said that even though the Middle East problem had been on the international scene since 1948, the problem was not on the agenda of the Council. The tragic recent events resulting from Israeli provocation should make the international community realize the importance of the matter. The Security Council should once more embrace that issue on which it had adopted resolutions 242 and 338, which were still awaiting implementation.

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For information media - not an official record