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Source: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
31 July 2013




Highlights
  • The main manifestations of the Israeli occupation across the occupied Palestinian territory have barely changed and as a result serious protection and human rights concerns and limited access to essential services including education and health continued to characterize the day-to-day lives of many Palestinians.
  • The escalation in hostilities in Gaza and southern Israel in November 2012 exacerbated pre­existing vulnerabilities, and in some cases generated new needs.
  • UNICEF mobilized $14,668,000 million for its humanitarian action in 2013 (54% of its appeal). Out of this, a total of $ 3,354,174 was received for the immediate response to the 2012 November Gaza crisis and ensured the delivery of much-needed potable water, basic sanitation, psychosocial support, and enabled repairs to damage schools.
  • UNICEF and its partners, including other UN agencies and international and national non­governmental organisations worked closely with the local authorities to address the humanitarian needs of at least 800,000 affected children (50% girls).Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs








Humanitarian leadership and coordination

UNICEF continues to work closely with the Palestinian Authority, UN partners and NGOs. UNICEF continues to lead the WASH Cluster; the Child Protection Working Group and the Israel/Occupied Palestinian Territory Working Group on grave violations against children; and co-lead the education cluster with Save the Children.

UNICEF together with Cluster partners including CMWU in Gaza for WASH and PCDCR for Psychosocial support participated actively in the inter-agency Initial Rapid Assessment (IRA) carried out in January 2013 to assess the impact of the November 2012 hostilities in Gaza. Based on the findings of the IRA, UNICEF revised its appeal. In January, CERF Rapid Response window were received for WASH and Psychosocial rapid response actions in the first six months of 2013 following the escalation in hostilities in Gaza in November 2012. ERF funding was also received for the repairs of doors and windows in schools damaged in Gaza.

UNICEF continues to lead the WASH Cluster Coordination. Monthly meetings with Cluster partners are held in West Bank and Gaza Strip and SitReps shared regularly including updates on material entry, fuel/electricity status in Gaza and Water Scarcity in West Bank with urgent responses initiated accordingly. Tracking of WASH infrastructure demolition incidents was also maintained for response and advocacy purposes. The WASH cluster participated in the review of the PWA National Water Strategy. Two workshops were held in the North and the South West Bank to prepare a mid-term strategy for water scarcity intervention.

As a result of UNICEF leadership, the Child Protection Working Group adopted the Minimum Standards for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action as its main focus for the 2013-2014 work plan. It has agreed to do a contextualisation workshop and a launch during the second half of the year.

UNICEF's role as chair of the Monitoring of Grave Violations Against Children Working Group (MRM) enabled partners to document that 383 Palestinian children had been injured and 11 killed and three Israeli children injured in 2013. The MRM Database has been upgraded and is now able to produce more detailed analysis of incident categories, in particular in relation to the type of military or armed group activity having an impact on the functioning of schools as well as in relation to settler activity. The OCHA Humanitarian Atlas, published in June 2013, features two maps - one highlights the impact of the conflict on children in oPt and the second one provides an overview of the psychosocial response system in Gaza.

UNICEF Programme response








Nutrition
Health
WASH
Child Protection
Education
Adolescents
Communication for Development (C4D)
Supply and Logistics
Security
Funding

The initial funding requirement for UNICEF oPt humanitarian action (developed before the November 2012 escalation of hostilities) was USD $17,280,000. Based on the findings of an UN and NGO inter­agency Multi-cluster Initial Rapid Assessment carried out in January 2013 to assess the impact of the November 2012 hostilities in Gaza and southern Israel, UNICEF increased its appeal to $ 27,337,539. To date 54% of the appeal (USD $ 14,667,696) has been received.


UNICEF wishes to express its deep gratitude to all donors for their generous contributions which have made the current response possible.

For further information, please contact
Name
June Kunugi
Special Representative
State of Palestine
Telephone: +972 (0)2 584 0401
Mobile: +972 (0)54 778 7600
Email: jkunugi@unicef.org
Name
Douglas G Higgins
Deputy Special Representative State of Palestine
Telephone: +972 (0)2 584 9408 Mobile: +972 (0)547 787691 E-mail: dghigginsaunicetorq
Name
Lara Abu-Shilbayeh
Programme & Planning Specialist State of Palestine
Telephone: +972 (0)2 584 0425 Mobile: +972 (0)547 787625 Email: labushilbayeh@unicef.org


Endnotes
1The SEFSEC is conducted jointly by WFP, FAO, UNRWA, and the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS).
22013 Mid-year CAP, OCHA
3 In light of prioritized needs at MOH, the focus was shifted to neonatal care
4On track for reaching target by year end at final delivery of procured drugs and completion of rehabilitation of neonatal units
5!dem
6!dem
7Target revised at the beginning of 2013 to include immediate needs that resulted from the 2012 November crisis: Entire population in Gaza reached with chlorine for water disinfection
8Target revised at the beginning of 2013 to include immediate needs that resulted from the 2012 November crisis
9Same cohort reached through direct psychosocial support
10Target revised at the beginning of 2013 to include immediate needs that resulted from the 2012 November crisis
11Figure includes children reached from rehabilitation of school in Gaza and protective presence
12On track for reaching target by year end


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