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UNITED
NATIONS
A S

        General Assembly
        Security Council
Distr.
GENERAL
A/38/61*
S/15549

10 January 1983

ORIGINAL: ENGLISH

GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Thirty-eighth session
THE SITUATION IN THE MIDDLE EAST
REVIEW OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE
DECLARATION ON THE STRENGTHENING OF
INTERNATIONAL SECURITY
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON
ENHANCING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE
PRINCIPLE OF NON-USE OF FORCE IN
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
PEACEFUL SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES BETWEEN STATES
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON THE CHARTER
OF THE UNITED NATIONS AND ON THE STRENGTHENING
OF THE ROLE OF THE ORGANIZATION
SECURITY COUNCIL
Thirty-eighth year


Letter dated 4 January 1983 from the Permanent Representative of
Israel to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General


I wish to draw Your Excellency's attention to statements made on 20 December 1982 by a number of Arab and other delegates in explanation of their vote on draft resolutions A/37/L.45/Rev.1 and A/37/L.48 under the agenda items entitled "Question of Palestine" and "The situation in the Middle East".

These statements are as revealing as they are disturbing, inasmuch as they unequivocally indicate that the countries in question persevere in their well-known attitude regarding the very right of existence of the State of Israel.

In expressing reservations with regard to the fourth peeambular paragraph of draft resolution A/37/L.45/Rev.1, which refers to the "right of all States in the region to existence within internationally recognised boundaries" the representative of Iraq stated:

The representative of Iran stated:

The representative of Iran expressed his reservations concerning operative paragraph 4 of draft resolution A/37/L.48 in the following words:

The representative of Democratic Yemen was also at pains to clarify his vote on draft resolution A/37/L.45/Rev.l:

Similarly, the representative of Libya stated that:

With regard to draft resolution A/37/L.48, the Libyan representative had the following to say:

It is also worth noting that some of the speakers quoted above, as well as others, stressed the inherent contradiction between the above-mentioned fourth preambular paragraph of draft resolution A/37/L.45/Rev.l and the resolutions adopted by the Arab Summit Conference held in Fez from 6 to 9 September 1982. This is particularly noteworthy in view of the fact that those same resolutions were referred to by a number of delegates to the thirty-seventh session of the General Assembly as the "Fez Peace Plan" which allegedly recognizes by implication the existence of Israel.

It is obvious that this is not the interpretation given to the "peace plan" in question by some of its signatories. Thus those speakers who perceived the contradiction between the provisions of the Fez resolutions and the fourth preambular paragraph indicated the authentic intent behind that so-called peace plan. Hence, the representative of Syria stated in reference to the fourth preambular paragraph:

More specifically still, the representative of the United Arab Emirates asserted with regard to the same preambular paragraph:

It is certainly not without significance that no representative of any of the participating States of the Fez Conference saw fit to enter any reservations with regard to the various statements quoted in this letter.

It is thus somewhat astonishing that, in the course of the debate and the vote in the General Assembly, certain representatives should have referred to the Fez resolutions as an indication on the part of its participants to reconcile themselves at long last to the legitimacy of Israel and its existence.

I have the honour to request that this letter be circulated as a document of the General Assembly, under the items entitled "The situation in the Middle East", "Review of the implementation of the Declaration on the Strengthening of International Security", "Report of the Special Committee on Enhancing the Effectiveness of the Principle of Non-Use of Force in International Relations", "Peaceful settlement of disputes between States" and "Report of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization", and of the Security Council.
(Signed) Yehuda Z. BLUM
Ambassador
Permanent Representative of Israel
to the United Nations

________________
* Reissued for technical reasons.


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