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Source: Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
2 August 2005


OFFICE FOR THE COORDINATION OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS

P.O. Box 38712 East Jerusalem
Phone: (972) 2 – 5829962 / 5825853, Fax: (972) 2 – 5825841
ochaopt@un.org, www.ochaopt.org

Protection of Civilians - Weekly Briefing Notes

27 July - 2 August 2005


Protection – Deaths and injuries . Shelter and Property – People displaced, House demolitions, Demolition orders . Natural Resources - Land levelling, Requisitions, Tree Uprooting . Restrictions on Medical Assistance - Incidents involving safety and movement of ambulances, medical teams, humanitarian organisations . Access and Movement for Civilians - Curfews, Access to education, Access to employment, Closures/Movement restrictions . Additional Protection Issues

Of note this week:
• Violence continued this week. Three Palestinians, including two minors, were killed – including one by Palestinian militant activity. During the week, 41 homemade rockets, mortar shells and anti tank missiles were fired from different locations inside the Gaza Strip toward Israeli settlements and nearby Israeli towns, IDF installations and Karni (see sections 1 and 6).
• Male Palestinians aged from 16 to 35 years are prevented from leaving the Gaza Strip, including those who have medical referrals. (see section 4).
• IDF requisition orders for more than 1,000 dunums (100 hectares) of Palestinian land were issued or received (see section 3).


1. Physical Protection1



__________
1 One Palestinian was killed; and nine Palestinians were injured as a result of Palestinian militant activity. One Israeli activist was injured by the IDF.



Casualty Incidents Include:
27 July: A Palestinian youth, aged 17 years, was killed by the IDF following clashes between Palestinian gunmen and stone throwers and the IDF in Jenin city. The clashes erupted after the IDF surrounded a house in search of a wanted man. Fifteen Palestinians and two IDF soldiers were injured.
27 July: The IDF opened fire in the direction of Al Brazil quarter in Rafah, the Gaza Strip; a 5-year-old girl was shot in the head and seriously wounded while she was at home.
28 July: One Palestinian militant was injured when a homemade rocket he was attempting to fire from Deir al Balah toward the Gush Katif settlements, the Gaza Strip, prematurely exploded (This incident is not included in the weekly casualty total).
28 July: The IDF surrounded a house in ‘Izbat Shufa, Tulkarm, and shot dead a wanted Palestinian man.
28 July: Three Palestinians were injured in ‘Anabta, Tulkarm, when the IDF threw an explosive device at them.
28 and 29 July: A total of six Palestinians, one Israeli activist and an international reporter were injured during demonstrations against Barrier construction in the village of Bil’in, Ramallah.
28 July: During an arrest operation, the IDF entered a house in Budrus, Ramallah, and fired tear gas and shock grenades. An elderly woman (80-years-old) was injured and taken to the Ramallah hospital.
29 July: Three Palestinian farmers from the village of Susiya were injured by a group of Israeli settlers in the area adjacent to the archeological site of Susya, south Hebron Governorate, while attempting to access their water cisterns.
31 July: Two Palestinians (12 and 15 years old) were injured by live bullets shot by the IDF in the village of Bani Na’im, Hebron, in response to stone throwing.
1 August: One Palestinian was injured by an unexploded ordinance in Seida village, Tulkarm.
1 August: One Palestinian man was killed and one was injured after a homemade bomb they were handling prematurely exploded (This incident is not included in the weekly casualty total).
1 August: Palestinians, Israelis and international activists held a demonstration against the construction of the Barrier in Kifl Haris, Salfit. The IDF used tear gas canisters and rubbercoated metal bullets. Five Palestinians were injured and one international was detained.
2 August: An 8-year-old Palestinian was killed and nine Palestinians were injured in Beit Hanoun, the Gaza Strip, when homemade rockets fired by Palestinian militants missed their target, Sderot in Israel.
2 August: One IDF soldier was injured in a Palestinian attack against an IDF patrol near Rafiah settlement in Rafah, the Gaza Strip.


2. Shelter and Property

Selected incidents:
27 July: Five structures including three houses, one animal pen and a metal workshop were demolished by the IDF in the area of Am Rukhba, a rural section of the village of Al Khadr, south of Bethlehem. Three Palestinian families consisting of 45 people (including 17 minors) were affected. The ICRC has agreed to release emergency shelter kits for them. The demolitions are part of a series of 14 orders issued recently by the IDF for most of the buildings in the area, which according to military requisition order T/135/05 will be used to erect the section of the Barrier around the settlement of Efrata.
1 August: Jerusalem Municipality workers accompanied by Israeli security forces demolished a three-storey building in Jabal al Mukabbir, Jerusalem, citing a lack off building permit. Fifteen people were displaced.

3. Natural Resources

Land levelling/Requisitions/Tree Uprooting2

Nablus Governorate:
27 July: Palestinians from Sarra village discovered IDF military requisition order T/122/05 near the village, requisitioning 2.9 dunums (0.29 hectares) of land in area “B” near the village. The order states that the requisition is for the purpose of building a military post and observation tower at junction 433 (Jit Junction).

Jenin and Tubas Governorates:
• No incidents to report.

Tulkarm Governorate:
1 August: The IDF started land levelling around Enav settlement to build a new fence around the settlement.
• Ongoing incidents:
Qalqiliya Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Salfit Governorate:
31 July: The IDF levelled about 1 dunum (0.1 hectare) of land and uprooted 17 olive trees near the entrance of Deir Istiya after some Palestinian minors threw stones at Israeli vehicles passing on Road 506 in the area.
• Ongoing incidents:
Ramallah / Al Bireh Governorate:
28 July: The IDF handed over land requisition order T/66/05 for 430.9 dunums (43.09 hectares) of land from Beit Liqya, Kharbatha al Misbah and Beit Anan land. Road construction was halted following a decision by an Israeli court on 1 August.
• Ongoing incidents:
Hebron Governorate:
17 July: The IDF issued two confiscation orders (T/131/05 and T/133/05) which, respectively, cover 112 dunums (11.2 hectares) and 466 dunums (46.6 hectares) of agriculture land belonging to Palestinian farmers from the towns of Beit Ummar and Surif. The villages affected are in the Governorate of Hebron, but the land requisition relates to the southern section of the Barrier planned to be built around the settlements in the western part of the Governorate of Bethlehem (Not reported previously).
27 July: IDF bulldozers started levelling land in an area to the northern side of the Israeli settlement Adora following military land requisition order T/67/05 to create a security buffer zone around the settlement.
• Ongoing incidents:
Bethlehem Governorate:
27 July: The IDF issued a military land requisition order for 1.5 dunums (0.15 hectares) of agricultural land belonging to a Palestinian family from the village of Beit Ta'mir.
• Ongoing incidents:
Jerusalem Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Jericho Governorate:
• No incidents to report.

The Gaza Strip:
• No incidents to report.

___________
2 4 dunums = 1 acre; 10 dunums = 1 hectare


4. Access for Medical Assistance

West Bank:
Selected Incidents:
West Bank: The Gaza Strip:
5. Access and Movement for Civilians

a) Curfew
b) Access to Education
c) Access to Employment3

___________
3 Number of permits will be updated as information becomes available. Numbers in table relates to permits being issued toPalestinians through the DCL system.



The Gaza Strip:
The general closure imposed on the oPt following the Netanya suicide bombing 12 July was lifted for merchants to Israel and workers to Erez industrial zone on 31 July and on 2 August for workers to Israel. As of 1 July, the total number of Gaza Strip workers permits was 6,825 including 2,709 with overnight stay; 843 permits were issued to Erez Industrial Estate workers. All workers must be 35 or older and married with children. Overnight stay permits are only issued for workers aged 40 and older.

d) Closures/Movement restrictions
On 12 June, following the suicide bombing in Netanya, a general closure on the oPt was imposed by the IDF. The closure is still imposed on the West Bank but has been lifted for Gaza workers and traders to Israel (See above).

Nablus Governorate:
27 July: The IDF established a checkpoint west of Bizzariya village on the road connecting the village with ‘Anabta village, Tulkarm. The checkpoint replaced an earth mound that was put in place 15 July. The eastern entrance of the village has been closed since 2001.
29 July ongoing: Shave Shomeron checkpoint has been manned by the IDF (Since December 2004, this checkpoint has occasionally been manned).
30 July: The IDF lifted the prohibition on Nablus residents travelling south through Za’atara (Tappouah) checkpoint. The prohibition is still in effect for residents of Jenin, Tulkarm and Qalqiliya.
31 July: The IDF closed Huwwara checkpoint for three hours.

Jenin Governorate:
• No major incidents to report.

Tubas Governorate:
• No major incidents to report.

Tulkarm Governorate:
31 July: The IDF closed Kafriat checkpoint for two hours and blew up a car parked in the area.
2 August: The IDF closed Qaffin agricultural gate.
• Ongoing incidents:
Qalqiliya Governorate:
30 July: The IDF closed the main entrance to Qalqiliya (DCO) and the Habla tunnel for several hours.

Salfit Governorate:
• No major incidents to report.

Ramallah / Al Bireh Governorate:
30 July: The IDF searched cars and checked IDs at the partial checkpoint An Nabi Salih.
31 July: At around 3pm, dozens of cars were stranded on the two sides of Atara partial checkpoint when the IDF stopped all movements at the bridge for about one hour.
27 July to 2 August: The IDF regularly patrols neighbourhoods in Ramallah, Al Bireh and Beituniya.

Jerusalem Governorate:
30 July: Border police closed Al Ram checkpoint for several hours and prevented vehicles from passing due to a security alert.

Jericho Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Hebron Governorate:
27 July to 2 August: Movement for Palestinians along Road 60, south of Hebron, is still difficult and monitored by many IDF flying checkpoints.
28 July: The IDF has installed a new turnstile gate on the western side of the Tomb of Patriarchs, H2 - Hebron. The gate replaces a locked door; no Palestinians are allowed to go through it.
30 July: Palestinian farmers from the village of Susiya were able to access their water cisterns located close to the Susya archaeological site after the intervention and support of Israeli activists following a first attempt a day earlier when three Palestinians were beaten by Israeli settlers and one Palestinian was arrested by the IDF.
1 August: Shepherds from the Palestinian village of At Tuwani were beaten and denied access to their land by the IDF in an area adjacent to the Israeli settlement of Ma’on. One of the shepherds was arrested and asked to pay a 2,000 NIS as fine for being present in a military
closed area.
2 August: Access to the village of Imneizel continues to deteriorate as work on the section of the Barrier, which cuts the road, progresses. No clarification has been yet provided by the IDF as to future access for the 300 persons living in the village.

Bethlehem Governorate:
• No major incidents to report.

West Bank: Reported flying checkpoints




The Gaza Strip:
27 July to 2 August: Because of the restricted opening hours of Abu Holi junction, heavy traffic congestion was reported daily.
27 July: The IDF dismantled the screening area west of Abu Holi checkpoint and erected a 150-metre long sand mound instead.
2 August: The IDF moved into a three-storey Palestinian house southwest of Kissufim road and used it as an IDF base.

The Enclosed Areas in the Gaza Strip:
As-Seafa:
• Since 13 February 2005, the IDF has permitted Palestinians aged 30 and older residing in As-Seafa to pass in and out without any prior coordination; males and females aged between 16 and 30 are still required to have 48-hours prior coordination. The gate is open two times daily (irregularly) at 7.30am and 2pm. No vehicles are permitted to enter or exit. Coordination for international organisations to enter the area has been problematic. The IDF requires prior coordination in order to bring goods into the area; people are still facing difficulties getting their belongings into and/or out of the area, despite approved coordination.
• During the week, two to three persons each day were prevented from entering the area despite having proper documentation.
• Nine Palestinian female residents routinely have to apply for entry/exit coordination at least three days before they are granted passes for travel.
29 July: The IDF dismantled the outpost next to the road gate at the entrance of As Seafa area. An IDF tank is now stationed in the area.
2 August: The IDF permitted no goods in or out of the As Seafa area because the x-ray inspection machine was out of order.
Al-Mawassi:
• IDF restrictions remain, with the entry-exit gate at Al Tuffah checkpoint generally open twice daily for limited numbers of Al Mawassi ID holders - from approximately 8am to 1pm, and 2.30pm to 5pm. Males aged 16 to 25 years who are Al Mawassi ID holders are required prior coordination to pass though Al Tuffah checkpoint. Vehicles are not allowed to pass, with some exceptions given for international agencies that have undertaken prior coordination with the IDF.
• Tel Es-Sultan checkpoint has remained closed since 14 January 2004.
• This week, movement through the checkpoint was particularly slow; about 80 to 100 persons were allowed into Al Mawassi while about 100 persons were allowed out daily.
Al-Ma’ani:
• Since 20 July 2002, the IDF has prevented all vehicular movement in and out of the Palestinian area adjacent to the Kfar Darom settlement. The IDF has also erected a fence around the area. The area remains a closed military zone, following a suicide attack on 27 February 2004.
• Movement is restricted by the IDF with the entry-exit gate generally open four times daily for Al Maa’ni ID holders only from 6.30am to 7.30am, 10.30am to 11.30am, 1pm to 2pm, and 4pm to 5pm. Access for international organisations into the area remains problematic.
Abu Nahiya:
• A fence was placed around the Abu Nahiya area, south of Kfar Darom settlement, in the corner of Kissufim Road and Salah Eddin Street. Approximately 16 families reside in the area. No vehicles are allowed in or out of the area. The fence is open 24 hours for residents.
Abu al-Ajin Area:
• Several Palestinian families live isolated and fenced in north and south of Kissufim Road in the Abu al-Ajin area. The families have their own keys to the gate in the fence; however, their movement is restricted to opening hours three to four times daily. The area is unreachable by vehicles.
1 August: The IDF informed the residents that they are going to close down the area for four to five weeks during the disengagement and advised the families to store more food and water supplies.

6. Additional Protection Issues

• During the week, a total of 41 homemade rockets, mortar shells and anti tanks missiles were fired from different locations inside the Gaza Strip toward Israeli settlements and nearby Israeli towns, IDF installations and Karni.

Searches/Arrests/Detentions















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