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Source: Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
1 March 2005


OFFICE FOR THE COORDINATION OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS

P.O. Box 38712 East Jerusalem
Phone: (972) 2 – 5829962 / 5825853, Fax: (972) 2 – 5825841
ochaopt@un.org, www.ochaopt.org

OCHA Weekly Briefing Notes
Update for oPt (23 February - 1 March 2005)

INSIDEINSIDE: Physical Protection - Deaths and Injuries -- Shelter and Property - People displaced/House demolition/Demolition orders -- Natural Resources - Land levelling/Requisitions/Tree Uprooting -- Facilitation of Humanitarian Assistance - Incidents involving safety and movement of ambulances, medical teams, humanitarian organisations -- Access and Movement for Civilians - Curfews, Access to Education, Access to Employment, Closures/Movement Restrictions -- Additional Protection Issues


1. Physical Protection

Deaths and Injuries

Palestinians: Deaths: 3 (includes the suicide bomber in Tel Aviv); Injured: 14 (approximate)
Israelis: Deaths: 5 (due to suicide attack in Tel Aviv on 25 February); Injured: 53 (approximate, of which 50 were injured from the suicide attack in Tel Aviv)
Internationals: Deaths: 0; Injured: 0

Selected incidents:
25 February: A suicide bombing in Tel Aviv killed 5 Israelis and injured 50.
25 February: One Palestinian was killed and another two were detained next to Sufa crossing (Gaza) when they were spotted approaching the border fence by IDF troops.
28 February: Two Israeli settlements’ security guards were injured in the settlement of Menora near Saffa village, Ramallah, when Palestinian militants fired at their security vehicle patrolling in the settlement
1 March: One Palestinian was moderately injured after he reportedly was beaten up by settlers from Male Shameron in Qalqiliya Governorate.

Sources: OCHA FCU, PRCS, UNRWA, WHO, IDF website, Israeli MoFA.

2. Shelter and Property

People displaced/House demolitions/Demolition orders

West Bank:
1 March: Ten commercial structures near Bardala an 'Ein el Beida were demolished by the IDF due to a lack of building permits.
1 March: Military orders were issued for the demolition of three private irrigation wells and one house in Wadi Fukin in Bethlehem Governorate. The Palestinian owners have until 31 March to appeal the orders. These orders follow the 16 evacuation orders issued in the last reporting period.

The Gaza Strip:
• No incidents reported.

3. Natural Resources

Land levelling/Requisitions/Tree Uprooting1

West Bank:
23 February: The Israeli High Court issued an interim order suspending construction of the Barrier in Bil’in and Saffa villages west of Ramallah Governorate.
23 February: The IDF issued a requisition order for construction of the Barrier north of Ariel in Salfit district covering 286.3 dunums (28.6 hectares).
25 February: Approximately 30 olive trees belonging to Palestinians were uprooted for the construction of the Barrier in Beit ‘Awwa, Hebron Governorate.
25 February: Israeli settlers from Kiryat Arba, east of the city of Hebron, have levelled approximately 15 dunums (1.5 hectares) of agricultural land. No military orders appear to have been issued by the IDF for the requisition of this land.
27 February: Settlers from Jel’ad outpost reportedly uprooted some 25 olive trees belonging to farmers from Jinsafut in Qalqiliya Governorate.
27 February: The IDF handed over three requisition orders for Barrier construction in Jaba, north Jerusalem, covering a total of 21.2 dunums (2.12 hectares). Some 1,000 dunums (100 hectares) will be on the Jerusalem side of the Barrier; Palestinians on the other side have no access to the land according to the head of local council in Jaba.
23 February to 1 March: Israeli bulldozers continued to level land for the construction of the Barrier west of Al Midya village, Ramallah district.
23 February to 1 March: Levelling of land near Kafriat checkpoint in Tulkarm continued throughout the week in preparation for a new tunnel under Road 57.
26 February to 1 March: Israeli land levelling and olive tree uprooting near the area of Masha and Deir Ballut in Salfit district were ongoing throughout the week.

_____________
1 4 dunums = 1 acre; 10 dunums = 1 hectare



Jerusalem Barrier:
• Construction and land levelling is taking place a few metres east of Qalandia checkpoint to construct DCL offices, a parking lot and a road to connect Road 60 from the Qalandia area to Ar Ram.
• Land levelling and construction for the Barrier is taking place alongside the road between Hizma and Anata villages.
• Land levelling is occurring on the eastern side of Shufat refugee camp between Pisgat Zaeev and Shufat camp.
• Due to a decision handed down on Monday 14 February, the IDF started levelling the land west of Beit Surik on 28 February.

The Gaza Strip:
• No incidents reported.

Sources: OCHA FCU, Al Mezan Center for Human Rights, UNRWA, Palestinian DCL, Village Council


4. Facilitation of Humanitarian Assistance

Incidents involving safety and movement of ambulances and medical teams

West Bank:
Denial of access: 1
Delay (60 minutes): 1
Shooting/Damage to Ambulance: 0

26 February: A PRCS ambulance was not allowed to collect a young girl who was injured from IDF gun fire from the Old City in Hebron. The IDF informed the ambulance crew that they would transfer her to an Israeli hospital.

The Gaza Strip:
Denial of access: 1
Delay (more 30 minutes): 0
Shooting/Damage to Ambulance: 0

24 February to 1 March: The IDF has not granted permission for one PRCS ambulance to return to the Al Mawassi area after it was taken out of the area for maintenance. The situation is ongoing. Sources: OCHA FCU, WHO, PRCS, Palestinian MoH

5. Access and Movement for Civilians

A. Curfews

25 February: Deir al Ghusun in Tulkarm Governorate was placed under curfew for two hours between 4.30am and 6.30am following the suicide attack in Tel Aviv.
27 February: Mash’a in Salfit district was placed under curfew at 7.15 am for three hours.

Sources: OCHA FCU, Village Councils, UNRWA, Palestinian DCL

B. Access to Education

West Bank:
• 23 February: An Najah University students from 'Iraq Burin, Nablus, were held by the IDF for two hours at an earth mound connecting Nablus with Tell village.
28 February: Pupils returning from schools were forced to wait for almost one hour before they were allowed through the Barrier gate in Jbara.
26 February: Schools were closed in Deir al Ghusun because of imposed curfew.

The Gaza Strip:
• During the reporting period, the 24 pupils living in As-Seafa continued to reach their schools late because they were delayed at the As Seafa gate. Upon return, the pupils were delayed for four hours and were not allowed to enter the area before 3.30 p.m.

Sources: OCHA FCU, UNRWA, UNICEF, Palestinian DCL


C. Access to Employment

West Bank:
• Bethlehem: As of 1 March there are 1,472 active permits for workers and 1,081 for traders in Bethlehem Governorate (according to the Israeli DCL).
• Hebron: No figures were available from the Israeli DCL in Hebron.
• Nablus district: 700 permits were issued for traders.
• Jenin district: 290 trade permits were issued.
• Tubas district: 150 trade permits were issued.

The Gaza Strip:
27 February: Israeli authorities issued 1,126 permits for Palestinian workers and 423 permits for merchants aged 35 years and older.



D. Closure/Movement Restrictions

Tulkarm Governorate: Following the suicide attack in Tel Aviv on 25 February, the IDF imposed additional movement restrictions in the governorate and flying checkpoints were reported on the main roads and between villages. In particular, restrictions were reported at the Barrier gate in Jbara. The movement restrictions were also imposed on Palestinians with Israeli IDs, who were denied access to Tulkarm. The observation tower near the entrance to Qaffin was put back in place approximately two weeks ago.
Qalqiliya Governorate: Also in Qalqiliya, movement restrictions were imposed following the suicide attack in Tel Aviv, which also affected movement of Palestinians with Israeli IDs. However, the tunnel between Qalqiliya town and Habla remained open for Palestinians throughout the week. Mobile checkpoints were observed at Azzun, Jinsafut, Ar Zawiya, Al Funduq, Jit and Kfur Thulth during the week.
Salfit District: Movement between the villages continued to be hampered by the existence of roadblocks and earth mounds and restrictions to travel on the main roads. Three roadblocks/earth mounds in particular near Kafr Dik, Qarawat Bani Hassan and Yasuf severely hamper movement. The entrance to Bruqin village remains open, after the roadblock was removed some three weeks ago.

Nablus Governorate: Tubas Governorate: Jenin Governorate:
Ramallah/Al Bireh Governorate
Jericho Governorate:
Jerusalem Barrier:
Bethlehem Governorate:
Hebron Governorate:
The Enclosed Areas in the Gaza Strip:
Source: OCHA FCUs and UNRWA

6. Additional Protection Issues
23 to 24 February: Seven members of a Palestinian family including three children and one sick elderly person from Yatta (Hebron Governorate) were confined to one room for two days when the IDF occupied their house.
26 February: Palestinian residents of the village of Qawawis in Hebron Governorate, in the area known as Masafer Yatta returned for the first time to their homes after being evicted by Israeli settlers in 2002. Israeli settlers, who had occupied their homes after evicting them, were removed by the IDF in the fall of 2004. It is not clear how many Palestinians have returned so far.
27 February: On the last day of his 14-month prison sentence, an 18-year-old Palestinian male from Duheisha refugee camp in Bethlehem was deported to the Gaza Strip by the IDF.
Searches and Arrests
Sources: OCHA FCUs, UNRWA, UNSECCORD, UNSCO, Palestinian DCLs, Palestinian Governors’ offices, Al Mezan Center for Human Rights, IDF
END







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