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Le droit des Palestiniens à l'auto-détermination - débat de la 3ème commission de l'AG - Résumé (extraits)

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UNITED
NATIONS
A

        General Assembly
Distr.
GENERAL
A/C.3/63/SR.35
12 January 2009

Original: English

Sixty-third session
Official Records



Third Committee
Summary record of the 35th meeting
Held at Headquarters, New York, on Tuesday, 4 November 2008, at 10 a.m.

Chairman: Mr. Margarian (Vice-Chairman) ............................................ (Armenia)



Contents
*


In the absence of Mr. Majoor (Netherlands), Mr. Margarian (Armenia), Vice-Chairman, took the Chair.

The meeting was called to order at 10.15 a.m.

/...

Agenda item 63: Right of peoples to self-determination (continued ) (A/63/254, A/63/281-S/2008/431 and A/63/325)

/...

30. Ms. Abdelhar (Algeria) ...

/...

32. Denial of the right to self-determination was both a human rights violation and a form of racism. ... The Palestinian people must also be allowed to exercise that right and establish an independent and sovereign State with Al-Quds Al-Sharif as its capital.

33. Ms. Rasheed (Observer for Palestine) said that racism was often the underlying cause of repression and violence. It had been the underlying motive for the expulsion of over 800,000 Palestinians from their homeland in 1948. Since then, the Palestinian people had been denied basic human rights, including the right to return. Furthermore, even though Palestinians constituted 20 per cent of the population within Israel, they were subjected to discriminatory laws that forced them to live as third-class citizens.

34. Israel’s 41-year occupation had been transformed into a system of colonization, racial discrimination and apartheid. That was evident in the practices and laws imposed by Israel, which had oppressed and segregated the Palestinian people in contravention of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination and the International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid.

35. In order to facilitate the movement of Israeli settlers, almost three million Palestinians in the West Bank had been denied the basic right to freedom of movement and travel. Furthermore, Israel was continuing to construct the separation wall in spite of the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice. The international community must show courage in putting an end to the racism, colonialism and foreign occupation that had subjugated the Palestinian people, who must be granted freedom through the inalienable right to self-determination.

36. Ms. Halabi (Syrian Arab Republic) ...

/...

38. There had been a drastic rise in racially discriminatory practices in the Middle East. The Palestinian people continued to be subjected to targeted killing in an attempt to eliminate or expel them and to prevent them from pursuing their legitimate claims. Illegal settlements continued to be built in the Occupied Territories along plainly racial and religious lines, in order to alter the demographic situation on the ground. Her country hoped that the Review Conference would tackle those worrying developments.

39. With regard to self-determination, her country was grateful for the efforts undertaken, but regretted the lack of any tangible recommendations aimed at ensuring States’ compliance with their international obligations. It was unfortunate that the United Nations remained unable, even unwilling, to take action against Israel’s violations and live up to its responsibilities towards the Palestinian people.

40. Ms. Rasheed (Observer for Palestine) said that the achievement of freedom and independence for a great number of nations had been among the most important achievements of the twentieth century. However, the international community must step up its efforts to ensure that the right to self-determination became a universal reality. The Palestinian people’s right to self-determination had been violated by a long occupation. The international community, especially the United Nations, must therefore urgently take swift and concrete measures to assist the Palestinian people in realizing their right to self-determination.

41. Israel’s occupation had produced systematic and flagrant violations of a range of individual and collective rights guaranteed by international human rights law. Israel’s massive colonization campaign in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, had resulted in the illegal construction and expansion of settlements and the separation wall. According to the International Court of Justice, the wall impeded the exercise of the right to self-determination. All those practices undermined the territorial unity, contiguity and integrity of the Occupied Palestinian Territory. However, despite the overwhelming pain and loss that the Palestinian people had endured, they would continue to strive for self-determination and the establishment of an independent State of Palestine, with East Jerusalem as its capital.

/...

The meeting rose at 12.30 p.m.



This record is subject to correction. Corrections should be sent under the signature of a member of the delegation concerned within one week of the date of publication to the Chief of the Official Records Editing Section, room DC2-750, 2 United Nations Plaza, and incorporated in a copy of the record.

Corrections will be issued after the end of the session, in a separate corrigendum for each Committee.



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