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UNITED
NATIONS
A

        General Assembly
Distr.
GENERAL
A/AC.183/PV.108
15 January 1985

ENGLISH

COMMITTEE ON THE EXERCISE OF THE INALIENABLE RIGHTS OF THE
PALESTINIAN PEOPLE

VERBATIM RECORD OF THE 108TH MEETING

Held at headquarters, New York,
on Thursday, 29 November 1984, at 10.30 a.m.

Chairman: Mr. Sarre (Senegal)


CONTENTS

Commemoration of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinians people.



The meeting was called to order at 10.40 a.m.


COMMEMORATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL DAY OF SOLIDARITY WITH THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French) I wish to welcome the President of the General Assembly, the Secretary-General, the President of the Security Council and all other participants in this commemoration of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, in conformity with General Assembly resolution 32/40 B.

I ask all participants to rise and observe a minute's silence in tribute to the memory of the freedom fighters who have given their lives for the cause of the Palestinian people.

The participants observed a minute of silence.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): We are meeting once again to commemorate the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People in conformity with the provisions of General Assembly resolution 32/40 B of 2 December 1977. This commemoration, to which the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People attaches great importance, reaffirms the concern of the international community about the Palestinian tragedy. Also, it provides an opportunity to reiterate the need for international action at every level to enable the Palestinian people to regain and fully exercise their inalienable rights. It will be recalled that 29 November was chosen for this commemoration because it was on that date in 1947 that the General Assembly adopted its resolution 181 (II), known as the partition resolution. That resolution stresses the responsibility of the United Nations to find a just and lasting solution to the question of Palestine.

I wish to reiterate my welcome to the Secretary-General, the President of the Security Council and the President of the General Assembly, and to welcome the Chairmen of the regional groups and the representatives of Member States who have joined us this morning. I also welcome the representatives of non-governmental organizations, members of the press and all others who are present at this solemn meeting. Their presence among us shows the deep concern of the international community about the lack of tangible progress towards a just and lasting solution of the Palestinian question and of its determination to continue the search for ways of remedying the injustice of which the Palestinian people has been a victim for so long.

The Committee is pleased that parallel events are taking place at the United Nations offices in Geneva and Vienna and in many other cities throughout the world. The participation in these commemorations of many local groups and organizations is further evidence of the international community's wish for an end to this iniquitous situation, which poses a threat to international peace and security.

In pursuance of its mandate, the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People has followed with deep concern the practices and policies of the Israeli Government, which constitute a violation of international law and the Fourth Geneva Convention and a contravention of the relevant General Assembly and Security Council resolutions. Through its Chairman, the Committee has protested more than once to the President of the Security Council against the continued occupation of Palestinian and Arab territories, against the illegal establishment of Jewish settlements in the occupied Palestinian territories, against the confiscation of lands belonging to Arabs and against Israel's systematic and frequent violations of the rights of the Palestinian people.

The international community has come to recognize that the Palestinian question is at the core of the Middle East conflict and that the enjoyment by the Palestinian people of its inalienable rights is essential for the solution of that problem. Those rights have been reaffirmed many times by the General Assembly they include the right of the Palestinian people to self-determination without outside interference, its right to national independence and sovereignty, including the right to establish its own State in Palestine and the right of Palestinians to return to their homes, from which they have been displaced and uprooted, and to recover their property or obtain compensation if they do not wish to return. moreover, on the basis of objectivity and realism, the Committee has recognized the right of all States of the region to existence.

At the request of the General Assembly, the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People has drawn up a programme to implement these rights, which has been approved several times by the General Assembly by an overwhelming majority. However, as everyone knows, the Security Council has been unable to enforce these recommendations owing to the opposition of one of its permanent members. As I have already said, any proposal intended to solve the Palestinian problem which does not take into account the essential elements of these recommendations is doomed to failure, and would, therefore, perpetuate a situation which imperils international peace and security.

I want once again to stress that we have now reached a critical, decisive stage in the restoration of Palestinian rights, and that every day without progress on the path recommended by the Committee only further complicates an already very difficult situation. The progressive annexation of illegally occupied territories, stepped up repressive measures against the Palestinian population, along with cycles of violence, clearly show that a just and lasting solution of the question is long overdue.

In its report to the General Assembly at its present session the Committee once again reiterated the validity of its recommendations and asked the General Assembly to insist again that the Security Council adopt positive measures to implement those recommendations, which should have been enforced long ago. Moreover, the Committee reiterated the validity of the recommendations adopted by the International Conference on the Question of Palestine, held at Geneva in 1983, emphasizing in particular that the international community must henceforth focus its activities on the preparations necessary for the convening of an International Peace Conference in the Middle East which, as we know, has been proposed and whose organization with the participation of all interested parties was approved by the General Assembly in its resolution 38/58 C.

In this connection I wish to reiterate the Committee's appreciation for the contacts initiated by the Secretary-General. While it regrets the negative attitude of certain countries, the Committee is none the less determined to continue its efforts to ensure that the proposed conference is convened soon, for we believe that such a conference would be an important milestone on the path towards the settlement of the Palestinian question. We therefore urge all parties concerned to overcome their emotions and passions and to co-operate in achieving a positive result, in the clear interest of peace and justice.

With that goal in mind, the Committee has been particularly encouraged by the massive support from the international community enjoyed by the proposal to convene this peace conference and by the growing evidence that its recommendations are now better known and better understood throughout the world. Equally positive are the notably increased interest in the question of Palestine and the active support of non-governmental organizations for the Palestinian cause, as well as the decision by those organizations, taken at a meeting held under the Committee's auspices, to launch an international campaign to gather signatures in support of the proposed peace conference. That campaign is both a symbol of the world-wide commitment to the Palestinian cause and an important way to achieve heightened mobilization of the international public in support of peace.

I take this opportunity also to pay a special tribute to the Secretary-General for his continuing efforts to ensure that the decisions taken by the General Assembly at its thirty-eighth session are enforced as soon as possible.

Peace is one and indivisible. We consider that at this critical stage it is urgent that we redouble our efforts to find a just solution to the question of Palestine and to put an end to the pointless suffering of the Palestinian people and other peoples of the region. On this solemn occasion we appeal to the international community as a whole once again to shoulder its responsibility to find a happy ending to this tragedy, which has lasted for nearly 40 years.

I now call on Mr. Paul Lusaka, the President of the General Assembly.

Mr. LUSAKA (Zambia), President of the General Assembly. First of all, let me thank you, Mr. Chairman, and the entire Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People for inviting me to participate in this solemn meeting to commemorate the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People.

The observance of this Day is a manifestation of the commitment of the United Nations to support the cause of self-determination, freedom and independence for the Palestinian people. It is also a recognition, above all, that an equitable solution must be found, urgently, to a complex problem that has taxed the resources and energies of this Organization for so long.

The Palestinians deserve every act of solidarity which the United Nations and the international community can demonstrate or extend to them, because the United Nations, almost 40 years ago, assumed a moral responsibility to ensure that they have a homeland.

Our persistence in the search for a just and lasting solution to this problem is a measure of the importance which the international community attaches to it. It is, moreover, a reflection of our realization that permitting a situation to remain critical, to the point of endangering international peace and security, has Averse effects not only on the States and peoples of the region but also on the entire international community.

The General Assembly has determined, and the various conflicts in the area over the years have confirmed in no uncertain terms, that the question of Palestine is at the core of the whole Middle East problem, and that no solution to that problem can be achieved independent of a just and lasting settlement of the question of Palestine.

There is wide agreement also that the search for peace in the Middle East. remains an essential responsibility of the United Nations, which should be the guiding force in the search for any solution with respect to this question and which should seek to satisfy the divergent interests of all the parties concerned.

That search must be based on certain basic considerations, principles that cannot be ignored. Among these are: the principle that acquisition of territory by force is totally inadmissible) the principle that every State has the right to live in peace within secure and recognized boundaries) and the principle that all peoples have the right to self-determination and nationhood.

The Palestinian people, like any other people, is entitled to the attainment of self-determination under the principles of the Charter of the United Nations. As I stated in my opening remarks to the General Assembly, it is our duty to do all in our power to defend the principle of self-determination and to ensure its enjoyment by the Palestinian people.

It is most disquieting that the rights of the people of Palestine are being adversely affected by the continuing establishment of settlements in occupied territories. Both the General Assembly and the Security Council have condemned that policy as illegal and have called upon Israel to desist from such practices. If this is allowed to continue, I am afraid that the just solution and lasting peace to which we all aspire will, unfortunately, elude us. This is an eventuality on which, I think, we should reflect today as we commemorate another International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People.

Unfortunately, although a wide measure of agreement exists on the basic principles, an overall settlement of the problem has not yet been found. Determined efforts must therefore be made to achieve such a settlement through negotiations involving all the parties concerned, including the Palestine Liberation Organization.

Last year, the General Assembly, in its latest attempt to move forward the search for a solution, called for an international peace conference on the Middle East in which all interested parties could negotiate. No less than 124 Members, or 80 per cent of the membership, joined in support of that resolution. Yet, as we are aware, little progress has been possible so far towards convening that conference. Let us hope that whatever obstacles remain are soon removed and that an opportunity is given for negotiations that will lead to a comprehensive, just and lasting peace. Any step which holds out the slightest promise of ending the violence and bloodshed that have characterized events in this troubled region for over 40 years must be given every opportunity for success.

I wish in conclusion. Sir, to pay a tribute to the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, under your able leadership, which, as an essential part of its activities, has come up with some constructive guidelines and recommendations on the modalities for implementing United Nations resolutions relating to the exercise of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people. This Committee's work is a constant reminder of the international community's deep concern about the plight of the Palestinian people and of the determination of this Organization to ensure the attainment of those rights. I wish you and the Committee success in your efforts.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French) I call next on His Excellency Mr. Javier Perez de Cuellar, Secretary-General of the United Nations.

The SECRETARY-GENERAL: We meet today to observe the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People. This observance is symbolic of the determination of the United Nations to help achieve a just solution to the problem of Palestine based on the full recognition of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people.

Thirty-seven years have passed since the problem of Palestine was first brought before the United Nations. Despite intensive efforts made by the Organization and individual Member States during those years, the problem has not merely remained unresolved but has led to repeated conflict between Arabs and Israelis, while most Palestinians have been uprooted and are now living in exile or under occupation, often in extremely precarious conditions.

We are all deeply conscious of the imperative need to resolve the problem of Palestine and the other aspects of the Arab-Israeli conflict. There is a wide measure of agreement within the international community that a just and lasting peace in the region can best be achieved through a comprehensive settlement covering all aspects of the Middle East conflict. I continue to believe that such a comprehensive settlement will have to meet the following conditions: the withdrawal of Israeli forces from occupied territories respect for and acknowledgement of the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of every State in the area and the right of every State to live in peace within secure and recognized boundaries) and a just settlement of the problem of Palestine, based on the recognition of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people, including self-determination. In this context the question of Jerusalem remains of primary importance.

Last year the General Assembly called for the convening of an international peace conference in an effort to achieve a comprehensive settlement in the Middle East. As participants know, I have undertaken detailed consultations with the parties to the conflict, including the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), and with the members of the Security Council. But it is quite evident in the light of those consultations that the conditions for convening the proposed conference with any chance of success have not been met at the present time. The various responses to the proposal exemplify many of the basic problems that since 1948 have hampered all attempts to negotiate a settlement of the Middle East conflict. Indeed, the history of the Middle East conflict has been a long record of missed opportunities, punctuated by wars and violence that have served to complicate the situation further and to create new misery and new obstacles to peace. We must try to put an end to this disastrous cycle and seek instead a course that will provide a better future for all the peoples of the region.

I firmly believe that, despite the difficulties involved, the United Nations has a special obligation to make another determined effort to find the means by which we can move forward to a negotiated peace in the Middle East. In this connection I have urged that Member Governments should consider what form of Middle East peace conference might be most useful. This need not necessarily be a conference in permanent session. What is needed is a framework for negotiations among all the parties concerned, and an umbrella under which the necessary contacts could develop according to the demands of the problems that are being considered.

It is my hope that the parties concerned will come to realize that continued confrontation does not serve their best interests. There is a need to make an earnest effort to agree on a suitable negotiating process in order to rekindle the search for a just and lasting settlement of the conflict. This is essential not only for the welfare and security of the local populations, especially the Palestinian people, but also to ensure the maintenance of international peace and security in that unique region.

Pending the resolution of the basic political problems, the United Nations must, naturally, continue to do all it can to alleviate the plight of the Palestinian people. Since 1950, the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) has provided shelter, food and, especially, medical care and essential educational services to Palestine refugees, who now number more than 2 million. Despite continuing financial difficulties, the Agency will endeavor to maintain its assistance at the highest possible level. In recent years, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), in pursuance of decisions of the General Assembly and of the Economic and Social Council, has set up a number of development projects aimed at improving the economic and social conditions of the Palestinian people. The other programmes and agencies of the United Nations system are also concerned, and steps are being taken, in consultation with the PLO and the Arab countries, to formulate a co-ordinated programme of economic and social assistance to the Palestinian people. The United Nations recognizes its responsibility to assist the Palestinian people in this field, and it will do this to the fullest extent possible.

I am deeply conscious, Mr. Chairman, of the untiring efforts being made by the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, under your very able leadership, to work for a just solution of the problem of Palestine. I should like to take this opportunity to wish you and your Committee well in your roost important endeavours.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): On behalf of the Committee and on my own behalf, I reiterate our thanks to the Secretary-General for his continuing efforts to find a just and lasting solution to this question. We all remember his first statement as Secretary-General of our Organization, in which he spoke of the need to make every effort to find a just and lasting solution to the Palestinian question.

I call now on His Excellency Mr. Ling Qing, Permanent Representative of China to the United Nations, the President of the Security Council.

Mr. LING Qing (China), President of the Security Council (interpretation from Chinese): I wish first of all to thank you. Sir, and the other members of your Committee for inviting me, as current President of the Security Council, to take part in this important solemn meeting devoted to the commemoration of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People.

For several years now, the observance of this Day has served to focus on the need to attain a settlement of the Middle East conflict, of which the Palestinian question is an essential element.

Beyond its symbolic significance, this celebration today is indeed a reflection of the deep concern still felt by the international community over a conflict which has more than once put international peace and security in serious danger and which has deeply affected the lives of whole generations in that unfortunate region, and most particularly the lives of millions of Palestinians.

As participants are aware, the Security Council, almost since its inception, has been closely associated with the efforts aimed at achieving a just and lasting settlement of the complex issues involved in the Middle East conflict. As the organ primarily responsible for the maintenance of international peace and security, the Council was called upon to direct its urgent attention to the repeated major crises engendered by that conflict and their lasting consequences. At the same time, the Council has been fully aware of the crucial importance of the Palestinian dimension of the problem.

While a relative quiet appears to prevail at present in the region, the situation remains extremely precarious in the Middle East as a whole, and the fate of the Palestinians remains as tragic as ever despite the sum of efforts deployed thus far.

It is therefore imperative that the international community continue with renewed vigour to pursue the arduous quest for a settlement of the Palestinian Problem and for a just and lasting peace in the area.

For its part, the Security Council, guided by its responsibilities under the Charter, will continue its efforts to seek a just and lasting peace in the Middle East for the benefit of all the parties concerned, including the Palestinian people.

May I be allowed now to make a statement in my capacity as representative of China.

Today we representatives of various countries have once again gathered together solemnly to commemorate the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People. I wish to thank the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People for having invited me to attend the meeting in commemoration of this occasion, and I now have the honour to read out the following message of solidarity from Premier Sao Ziyang of the State Council of the People's Republic of China:

"On the occasion of the United Nations meeting marking the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, I wish on behalf of the Chinese Government and people to extend our warm congratulations to the meeting and our cordial greetings and high respects to the Palestinian people, which is engaged in an extremely arduous struggle to regain its national rights.

"The Palestine issue is at the core of the Middle East question. There can be no lasting peace and stability in the Middle East without a fair and reasonable solution to the Palestinian issue. We strongly call on the international community to make further efforts to condemn the Israeli policy of aggression and expansion and to support the just cause of the Palestinian people. We also strongly call on the United Nations to take effective measures to ensure the implementation of the relevant resolutions adopted by the United Nations General Assembly affirming the national rights of the Palestinian people.

"The Chinese Government and people firmly support the Palestinian people and other Arab peoples in their just struggle to regain their national rights and recover the lost territories. We are convinced that, by upholding principles and closing ranks, the heroic Palestinian people, under the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), headed by Chairman Arafat, will overcome various obstacles in the way of their progress, regain their inalienable and sacred national rights and stand with other peoples in the comity of nations."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I now call on Mr. Terzi, Permanent Observer of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), who will read out a message from Chairman Yasser Arafat on this occasion.

Mr. TERZI (Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)) (interpretation from Arabic): I am particularly pleased to read out the following letter addressed by Yasser Arafat, Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Palestine Liberation Organization and leader of the Palestinian Revolutionary Forces, on this occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People:

"I am particularly pleased to address you on this important occasion, which is now being commemorated by all free and noble people throughout the world as an indication of solidarity with the just struggle of the Palestinian people, under the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization, its sole legitimate representative, aimed at recovering and exercising our inalienable rights as a people. I am pleased to convey to you and to the Committee how proud our people are to note your untiring efforts to preserve peace in an area that is subjected to the greatest threats of our times.

"I should like to express our deep appreciation for the efforts of the Secretary-General of the United Nations towards finding solutions to all of mankind's ills, and notably in favour of our people's cause. I wish to thank all United Nations bodies for their activities and the steps taken to mobilize international awareness as to the justice of our cause.

"I should like also to thank our brothers and the Heads of State or Government for the messages of solidarity we have received on this crucially important occasion, which this year coincides with our commemoration of the twentieth anniversary of the launching of our armed struggle on 1 January 1965. Our people have revolted and taken up arms in self-defence in order to throw off the yoke of occupation and regain our inalienable rights, recover our territory and establish our own independent State. We see in this twofold occasion a symbol of the harmony between our revolution and the understanding of the international community represented by the United Nations.

"The Middle East region last year witnessed a very trying period. The situation is increasingly disquieting because of the continued Israeli and American aggression against the Palestinian people and our Arab nation.

"In the Gulf region, a cruel and destructive war is going on between Iraq and Iran, while American imperialism is attempting to fan the flames of the war by deploying its fleet in and around the Gulf waters and by repeated threats of military intervention.

"We are aware that the Israeli-American alliance is aimed at dividing the Arab nation and setting up factional States by all possible means, including direct military intervention and the use of the big guns of the battleship New Jersey.

"The Lebanese people have been resisting this ongoing aggression, without which the forces would not have withdrawn from the region. These forces are exerting diplomatic pressure aimed at isolating Lebanon so as to be able to occupy it. The Reagan Administration, which has planned, financed and armed the Israeli army to invade Lebanon, is continuing to assist the Israelis and to cover all expenses for the Lebanese invasion no matter how long it lasts. The American campaign is aimed at dividing the PLO, ensuring its failure and breaking our Palestinian people.

"I am very pleased to inform the Committee and all our friends in the world that the Palestinian National Council (PNC), the highest authority of the PLO, has convened a meeting, with a full quorum, thus responding to all the attempts aimed at the destruction of the Palestinian struggle. The PNC has focused on the justice of the Palestinian cause and the rights of the Palestinian people.

"All these American attempts and plots to deny the rights of the Palestinian people to self-determination and to the establishment of their own independent State are doomed to failure. Thus there is increasing contradiction between American practices and the image the United States is trying to project.

"Through its strategic agreement with Israel the United States is directly responsible for Israel's aggression in our region aimed at setting up an expanded, greater Israel. Thus the international community represented by the United Nations is required today to intensify its efforts in support of the just struggle of our people and to establish and implement all measures possible so as to counter the policies of the United States and preserve peace in the world.

"The tragic situation in our region has deteriorated further because of the aggressive policies of the Israeli authorities aimed at destroying our national economy so as to compel our people to leave the area. Despite all the resolutions adopted by the United Nations and by international organizations as a whole condemning these practices and declaring them null and void and in violation of United Nations Conventions, the Declaration of Human Rights and the Geneva Convention relative to the protection of civilians in time of war, an attempt has been made to annex the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, as has been done in the Syrian Got an Heights.

"Israel's policy is also aimed at desecration of the sacred Al Aqsa Mosque but any threat to the mosque by Israel could endanger world peace. The Israeli Government's intentions to destroy the mosque have become quite clear. This year again there have been attempts to destroy the Islamic centre by way of excavations and these actions are being encouraged by the Israeli Government.

"The United Nations has the duty to take all necessary steps to put an end to such practices and stop the looting and desecration of Holy Places, including the Church of the Resurrection.

"There is also the question of our heroic detainees who have resisted occupation in defence of their liberties, just as heroes have always resisted ideologies such as fascism. Israel refuses to consider those detainees as prisoners of war or to implement the provisions of the Geneva Conventions, in spite of the insistence of the United Nations and the condemnation of Amnesty International, the International Committee of the Red Cross and the International Commission on Human Rights.

"We must also underline here that the Ansar detention camp, which had to be closed after the exchange of prisoners last year, has been reopened by Israel and is now filled with sons of Lebanon and Palestine who are facing the worst forms of torture.

"I call upon your Committee to do everything possible to compel Israel to abide by international law and to implement the exchange of prisoners agreement of 1983.

"Israel is still continuing its aggression and raids against our camps in southern and eastern Lebanon. We express here our deepest concern at Israeli practices and at events which could lead to the slaughter of their inhabitants,

"We have taken note of what the Secretary-General has already said in that regard, but here we would also warn once again of the danger of massacres similar to those of Sabra and Shatila, and we are well aware of the intentions of the Zionist leaders, in particular of the present Government of the generals, starting with the Head of State, Chaim Herzog and the Prime Minister, General Shimon Peres, and ending with the general whose past is notorious and whose current policies are well known, the general who is responsible for the Sabra and Shatila massacres, Ariel Sharon.

"The convening of the Palestine National Council is an indication that we are determined to continue our struggle. We reaffirm here today the continuation of our struggle, with a gun in one hand and an olive branch in the other, until we reach our capital, Jerusalem, and recover the inalienable rights of our people.

"Through this message I extend to our people in the occupied territories a salute of pride and high esteem for their steadfastness in the face of all conspiracies and for their firm stand in this legitimate struggle. I wish once again to express to you the assurance that our people and our Organization will always remain faithful to the cause of national liberation movements fighting against imperialism, Zionism, racism and racial discrimination.

"We call on the United Nations and all noble forces to do everything possible to support the struggle of the people of Namibia, under the leadership of the South West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO), to implement Security Council resolution 435 (1978) and to put an end to the inhuman and racist policies of the apartheid regime in South Africa in order that the South African people may exercise their national rights. Furthermore, the military aggression and pressure exerted against the African front-line States in particular against Mozambique, Angola and Zimbabwe - by the Pretoria regime must be halted.

"The Latin American countries, and especially those of Central America, are being subjected to United States aggression, and here we declare our total solidarity with the Latin American peoples, in particular those of Nicaragua and El Salvador, and we condemn all dictatorships which attempt to oppress the people.

"I avail myself of this opportunity to express my gratitude to the peoples of the world, the political and humanitarian bodies, the States and all those prominent world figures that have supported and continue to support the Palestinian people in their just struggle. I thank also the non-governmental organizations which net in New York in June 1984 and in Geneva in August 1984 and supported the just struggle of our people.

"Our people are determined to continue their struggle. They are confident that victory will be theirs no matter how long it may take nor how great the sacrifices may be. They will continue to struggle until they fulfil their objectives as recognized by the community of nations and the whole world - with the exception of the United States and Israel.

"We do not fear power» nor are we deceived by false notions. Twenty years of revolution, struggle and suffering have taught us the lessons that will allow us to fulfil our national goal and achieve our national objectives. "We will struggle until final victory is achieved."

The Chairman (interpretation from French): I now call on Mr. Haktanir, Acting President of the United Nations Council for Namibia.

Mr. HAKTANIR (Turkey), Acting President of the United Nations Council for Namibia: On behalf of the United Nations Council for Namibia I wish to express our profound thanks for the kind invitation extended to me by the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People to participate in the observance of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People. The Council and its President have long appreciated the dedicated efforts of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People in championing the cause of freedom of the oppressed people of Palestine.

The annual observance of this Day, established by a decision of the General Assembly, serves to focus the attention of the international community on the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people and to give the widest possible exposure to the facts relating to those rights. The observance is not only a measure of the international community's deep concern for the Palestinian people but also a reflection of its recognition that a just solution of the Palestinian problem is of overriding importance. The Palestinian question constitutes the core of the Middle East problem, and there can be no solution to that problem without a positive settlement of this issue.

The United Nations Council for Namibia believes that the problems in the Middle East are inextricably bound to a just solution of the question of Palestine and that the lack of a solution to this question will continue to aggravate tension and conflict in the region as well as endanger international peace and security. Recent events in the region have proved once more how dangerous the situation has become.

The people of Palestine continue to be denied their fundamental and inalienable rights to live in freedom, peace and dignity in their own country. They have been uprooted from their own homes and become homeless people in foreign lands. The international community cannot stand by and condone Israel's continuing acts of aggression against the Palestinian people and annexation of territory of neighbouring States. The United Nations Council for Namibia affirms once more the United Nations General Assembly resolutions on the right of the Palestinian people to return to their homes and property in Palestine.

The Council for Namibia is convinced that the continued denial by Israel of the just and righteous claim of the Palestinian people to their homeland is in violation of the fundamental principles of the Charter of the United Nations, as well as of United Nations resolutions on the question of the attainment of nationhood by all peoples under foreign and colonial domination. The Council for Namibia believes that all States are entitled to expect Israel which owes its very existence to a United Nations resolution, to comply with the wishes of the international community formulated in repeated General Assembly and Security Council resolutions. The United Nations must leave no stone unturned in its efforts to impress upon Israel that the international community rejects the attempts by Israel to make Jerusalem its capital city, contrary to Security Council resolutions 476 (1980) of 30 June 1980 and 478 (1980) of 20 August 1980 which rejected the declaration by Israel making Jerusalem its capital.

The Council for Namibia, in solidarity with the Committee on the question of Palestine, strongly condemns the policies and plans of Israel aimed at the displacement of the Palestinian people outside their homeland. The Council for Namibia is convinced that all manoeuvres aimed at arriving at a settlement plan outside the framework of the relevant United Nations resolutions are bound to fail.

The question of Palestine, like the question of Namibia, continues to torment the conscience of the international community. Like the question of Namibia, the question of Palestine has been on the agenda of the United Nations General Assembly for many years indeed, but without a solution. Meanwhile, the suffering of the people and the turmoil in those respective regions continue to grow day by day.

In Namibia, the racist Pretoria regime continues to perpetuate its brutalities against the people of the Territory. The South African regime continues to pursue policies of apartheid in Namibia in an effort to force the people of the Territory to accept its illegal colonial occupation.

Efforts to reverse this trend continue to be met with arrogant intransigence by the South African regime. Efforts to implement United Nations Security Council resolution 435 (1978), which approved the United Nations plan for the independence of Namibia, continue to be met with defiance by the racist regime of Pretoria. South Africa continues to block the implementation of resolution 435 (1978) by insisting upon irrelevant and extraneous factors such as linking the independence of Namibia to the withdrawal of Cuban forces from Angola. South Africa must be impressed upon to realize that the path which it has selected to follow in connection with the independence of Namibia can only lead to further deterioration of the political and economic conditions in southern Africa and may create danger for the maintenance of international peace and security.

The Council for Namibia strongly urges the International community to redouble its efforts to exert pressure on South Africa to comply with the wishes of the international community over the question of Namibia's independence by making positive efforts towards the implementation of Security Council resolution 435 (1978).

The situation today in the Middle East, as in southern Africa, remains most critical and explosive as uncertainty, discord and violence continue to prevail in both areas. On this important occasion it becomes all the more important therefore that we firmly rededicate ourselves to the promotion of a genuine and lasting settlement of the Middle East conflict. However, as I stated at the outset, the attainment of such an objective will continue to elude us unless the core of the Middle East conflict, namely, the Palestinian question, is resolved. We must therefore work diligently for the realization of that objective and the creation of all the conditions favourable to a just and lasting peace in the area. These include the realization of the inalienable right of the Palestinian people to self-determination, its right to establish an independent State and the right of all States in the area to an independent existence, and strict observance of the principle of non-acquisition of territory by force.

This important Day provides us with a timely occasion to reiterate once again our solemn commitment and determination to extend maximum support to the Palestinian people and to associate ourselves with the defence of their noble cause. In this context and in keeping with the relevant decisions of the General Assembly, it is incumbent upon all of us to work closely and to co-operate fully with the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People to decide their destiny in accordance with their freely expressed wish and their true aspirations. For only through our collective efforts and complete implementation of the relevant decisions of the United Nations can the injustice inflicted upon the Palestinian people be corrected.

The Council for Namibia insists that South Africa and Israel be impressed upon to comply with the universally acceptable norms of the international community, or continue to stand condemned for their defiance of world opinion. The Council for Namibia believes that South Africa and Israel can, and indeed should, be compelled to comply with the relevant resolutions of the United Nations on the questions of Namibia and Palestine. The Council for Namibia strongly believes that effective means to compel South Africa and Israel to comply with United Nations resolutions can readily be found in the provisions of the United Nations Charter.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I call on the Chairman of the Special Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, Mr. Abdul Koroma, the Permanent Representative of Sierra Leone to the United Nations.

Mr. Koroma (Sierra Leone), Chairman, Special Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples (Special Committee of 24): On behalf of the Special Committee of 24, I wish to thank you, Mr. Chairman, and the other members of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People for inviting me to participate in the Committee's annual special meetings to commemorate the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People.

The long history of United Nations involvement in the question of Palestine imposes on our Organization a special and urgent responsibility to see to it that justice is done in respect of the Palestinian people. The decision of the General Assembly to observe this day as the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People is therefore not just a matter of symbolic significance. It is an affirmation of the commitment of the international community to strive indefatigably for the realization of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people. By this observance the United Nations reaffirms its commitment to the Palestinian people for the realization of their inalienable rights and seeks to enlighten and mobilize international public opinion towards the attainment of its objectives on the question of Palestine.

These objectives have been clearly set out in a number of resolutions adopted by the General Assembly over the years. It is particularly relevant in this context to recall that the General Assembly has repeatedly called for the full and speedy exercise by the Palestinian people of their right to self-determination without external interference and to national independence and sovereignty, as well as their right to return to their homes and property from which they have been displaced and uprooted.

We in the Special Committee attach great significance to the mobilization of international opinion towards the attainment of the objectives of the United Nations on the question of self-determination for all peoples under alien and colonial domination. We are profoundly aware of the power of an alert and informed world public opinion in the struggle against injustice, oppression and alien and colonial domination. It therefore gives me great satisfaction to join in this effort to enlighten and mobilize international opinion-on the question of Palestine before such a representative gathering as is assembled here today.

Despite the best efforts of the United Nations over the past three decades, a peaceful and just solution for all the nations and peoples of the region has continued to elude us. In the recent past, the several steps taken in order to contribute to the solution of the problem of Palestine have not met with unanimous acceptance, so that whatever has been achieved has invariably fallen far short of our expectation. However, we should not be discouraged by this lack of progress; indeed, it should serve to inspire us to even greater efforts to achieve a just, secure and lasting peace.

The history of the Palestinian people is indeed one of a people with unequalled courage and determination to fight for the achievement of their legitimate rights. It is the history of a people which since 1947 has continued relentlessly the struggle to preserve its national identity, regain its homeland and re-establish on it its national sovereignty.

The time is overdue for concerted action to persuade the supporters of Israel to compel it to respond - and respond positively - to the relevant United Nations resolutions and to the will of the international community on the question of Palestine. Israel must be made to realize that it can no longer systematically ignore United Nations resolutions and world public opinion on the question of Palestine. Above all, Israel must be made to comply fully with General Assembly resolution 181 (II) of 1947 leading to the establishment of an independent Palestinian State.

As we are all aware, the situation today remains most critical and explosive as uncertainty, discord and violence continue to prevail in the area. On this special occasion it becomes all the more important therefore that we should firmly rededicate ourselves to the promotion of a genuine and lasting settlement of the Middle East conflict. In so doing, we should be fully cognizant of the fact that the attainment of our objectives will continue to elude us unless the core of the Middle East conflict, namely, the Palestine question, is addressed and resolved quickly. We must therefore work diligently for the realization of that objective and for the creation of all the conditions favourable to a just and lasting peace in the area. As I have stated, they would include the realization of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people to self-determination, in particular the right to establish an independent State, the right of all States in the area to an independent existence and the strict observance of the principle of non-acquisition of territory by force.

This important Day provides us with an opportune occasion to reiterate once again our solemn commitment and determination to extend maximum support to the Palestinian people and to associate ourselves with the defense of their cause. In this context and in keeping with the relevant decisions of the General Assembly, it is incumbent upon all of us to work closely and co-operate fully with the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People to decide their destiny in accordance with their freely expressed wish and true aspirations. For only through our collective efforts and through the complete implementation of the relevant decisions of the United Nations can the injustice inflicted for so long upon the Palestinian people be rectified.

Before concluding, Mr. Chairman, I should like to acknowledge with appreciation the very important work carried out by the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People under your wise, outstanding and dedicated leadership. Your skill as a diplomat, your commitment and that of your country, Senegal, to the cause of the Palestinian people give us hope that at the end of the day their cause will triumph.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French) I call on Mr. Joseph N. Garba, Permanent Representative of Nigeria to the United Nations and Chairman of the Special Committee against Apartheid.

Mr. GARBA (Nigeria), Chairman of the Special Committee against Apartheid: On behalf of the Special Committee against Apartheid, I thank you, Mr. Chairman, for the invitation to participate in this solemn meeting.

South Africa, Namibia and Palestine are questions that have appeared on the agenda of the United Nations almost since its inception. Namibia and Palestine are two Territories for which the international community assumed a sacred trust more than 60 years ago under the League of Nations Mandate, but their peoples are not yet free. South Africa has been oppressed by racist domination following colonial domination for more than 70 years.

For over three decades this august Assembly has adopted numerous resolutions recognizing the inalienable rights of the peoples of those countries, but they are no nearer freedom or independence. Indeed, the oppression has grown worse, millions of persons have been uprooted from their homes and the conflicts resulting from injustice and oppression have spilled beyond national boundaries, causing enormous suffering and resulting not only in threats to international peace and security but also in constant breaches of the peace, acts of aggression and illegal occupation. The United Nations and the international community must combat the forces which so far have undermined their effectiveness and ensure victory for the legitimate struggles of the peoples of those countries, so that the era of colonialism and racist domination can be brought to an end.

It is not surprising that the racist regime of South Africa and the authorities in Israel have found common interests and steadily increased their collaboration to form a virtual alliance directed against the liberation struggles of the United Nations itself. The Special Committee has repeatedly brought to the attention of the General Assembly, the Security Council and the international community evidence of the continuing and increasing collaboration between Israel and South Africa. It has submitted several reports on this matter.

This collaboration is continuing in defiance of General Assembly resolutions. On 25 October Moshe Arens, former Defence Minister of Israel, visited South Africa. A few days later a Jewish settlement on the West Bank, Ariel, was twined with Bisho, the new capital of the so-called independent bantustan of Siskei -although that so-called capital has not even been built - and the so-called President of Siskei, Chief Lenox Sebe, who is notorious for his brutality against black people, visited Israel for that ceremony. That is one of his many visits to Israel, which is training pilots for Siskei. His visit was closely followed by that of the Foreign Minister of the racist regime of South Africa to Israel. And yet Israel feigns innocence and its friends suggest that we are selective when we draw attention to the collaboration between Israel and South Africa.

The Special Committee, in co-operation with the League of Arab States, convened in Tunis in August of this year a Conference of Arab Solidarity with the Struggle for Liberation in Southern Africa. That Conference considered the threat facing the Arabs and the Africans as a result of the alliance between Israel and South Africa. It adopted a declaration and four resolutions, among them a resolution on "Special responsibility for the international community towards the peoples of Namibia, South Africa and Palestine". The resolution proclaims that the United Nations and the international community have an inescapable responsibility for securing the freedom and independence of the peoples of Namibia, South Africa and Palestine. It also calls upon all Governments to refrain from any relations with the regimes in South Africa and Israel until the peoples of Namibia, South Africa and Palestine are enabled to exercise their inalienable rights, in particular their right to genuine self-determination.

The overwhelming majority of the international community realizes that what is needed to bring peace and justice to the Middle East and southern Africa is the taking of effective, collective measures to force Israel and South Africa to abide by the resolutions of the Security Council and the General Assembly on the Middle East and southern Africa. We need firm action to ensure respect for the will of the international community and to bring peace and justice to those two areas which are suffering from the consequences of colonialism and racism. This is a challenge that the United Nations and the international community must face with determination.

Mr. Chairman, I wish the Committee under your leadership every success in its noble work.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I call on Mr. Nissanka Wijewardane, Permanent Representative of Sri Lanka to the United Nations and Chairman of the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Population of the Occupied Territories.

Mr. WIJEWARDANE (Sri Lanka), Chairman of the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Population of the Occupied Territories (Special Committee on Israeli Practices): On behalf of my two colleagues of the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Population of the Occupied Territories and on my own behalf, I am privileged to make this statement on the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People.

In a continuing attempt to ensure the safeguarding of the welfare and human rights of the population of the occupied territories and in accordance with the General Assembly resolution renewing its mandate, the Special Committee has spared no effort in providing the General Assembly with a complete picture of the human rights situation of the civilian population.

Since the inception of the Special Committee - subsequent to the 1967 hostilities and the occupation by Israel of the West Bank, including Jerusalem, the Gaza Strip and the Golan Heights - the Government of Israel has withheld its co-operation from the Special Committee in the execution of its mandate. Notwithstanding the difficulties that this lack of co-operation might provoke, the Special Committee has been able to follow the human rights situation in the occupied territories with a high degree of accuracy.

On the basis of information and evidence before it, the Special Committee has concluded that the situation of the civilian population gives cause for serious concern. This concern results from the occupying authorities' persistence in applying coercive measures that control and limit the most basic rights of the Palestinian population. The human rights situation of the Palestinian people in the occupied territories is seriously affected by the policy followed by Israel in its avowed efforts aimed at the annexation of the occupied territories. There is no doubt that the establishment of Israeli settlements - numbering today 220 - the transfer of Israeli civilians to the occupied territories and the escalation of violence which characterizes the activities of Israeli settlers are among the basic causes of the increasing tension in that region.

The Special Committee has followed with great attention the events leading to the discovery of the so-called Jewish underground groups. Nobody can remain unaware of the consequences of the activities of those groups which touch every facet of the life of the civilian population of the occupied territories. The latest developments as recorded in the Special Committee's report clearly illustrate the gravity of the situation.

In addition, Palestinians in the occupied territories continue to face limitations to their basic freedoms, as reflected by the ongoing pattern of censorship of cultural and artistic expression, not to mention freedom of the press.

The several hundred military orders which have substituted the law of the land restrict every facet of life of the civilians, including their right to work and their freedom of association.

Such a pattern of harassment provokes intermittent periods of violent reaction. Demonstrations and strikes held in protest often result in massive arrests and loss of life.

This meeting should not forget the plight of those Palestinians who have been expelled from their homeland and who, until this day, remain in exile because the Israeli authorities continue to deny them their right to return to their hone.

In view of what I have just said, I am compelled to echo the call of the Special Committee to the international community to assume its responsibility to the Palestinian population of the occupied territories by giving its support to them in their struggle to assert their basic rights.

I take this opportunity to crave the Committee’s indulgence to read out, in my capacity as Permanent Representative of Sri Lanka, the following message sent by His Excellency J.R. Jayewardene, President of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, to be delivered on this solemn occasion to commemorate the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People: today marks the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People which provides an occasion for the international community to focus its attention on the plight of the Palestinian people and redouble its efforts to finding a solution for this most vexed question. The decision of the United Nations to declare a special Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People is. an Indication of the unqualified support and solidarity among the international community for the just cause of the Palestinian people.

"Sri Lanka has always stood steadfast in its support for the Palestinian cause and has been firm in the belief and advocacy that the restoration of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people, including their right to self-determination and return to their homeland, is fundamental for a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East.

"The Government and the people of Sri Lanka wish to express their disappointment that, notwithstanding the innumerable resolutions of the Security Council and the General Assembly, no satisfactory solution has yet been found to this question which continues to cause untold misery and hardship to the Palestinian people.

"It is our hope that on this Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People the international community will reawaken itself to the urgency of a just solution to this question and bring to an end the repression and suffering of the Palestinian people. Sri Lanka's commitment to the Palestinian cause remains as strong as ever."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French) I call on Mr. Natarajan Krishnan, Permanent Representative of India to the United Nations and representative of the Chairman of the Non-Aligned Movement.

Mr. KRISHNAN (India): Let me first thank the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People for the invitation extended to me as the representative of the Chairman of the Non-Aligned Movement to participate in the special meetings held to commemorate the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People.

I would like to begin by reading out the following message sent on this occasion by His Excellency Mr. Rajiv Gandhi, Prime Minister of India and Chairman of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries:

"On the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, I reaffirm India's full commitment to the Palestinian people in their struggle for their just and inalienable rights to self-determination and a national homeland. India has always seen the Palestinian struggle as an unfinished revolution that began with the great freedom movements in the early part of this century against imperialism and colonial rule. While almost all ex-colonial countries have attained independence, the Palestinians continue in their search for a national homeland.

"The Non-Aligned Movement recognizes the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) as the sole and legitimate representative of the Palestinian people. There is a major struggle ahead. To achieve success we must remain steadfast and united, since only then can we succeed. For its part, India remains committed to exert all efforts in the cause of our Palestinian brothers.

"My best wishes to the Palestine Committee for continued success in its endeavours."

From the time of the first Non-Aligned Summit Meeting, held in Belgrade in 1961, the question of Palestine has been in the forefront of the deliberations and activities of the Non-Aligned Movement. Non-aligned countries have been particularly active in mobilizing international support in favour of the "alienable rights of the Palestinians and against Israel's action in the occupied territories. It has largely been at their initiative that the majority of United Nations resolutions on the subject have been adopted. Indeed, the support of the non-Aligned Movement for the just Palestinian cause and the solidarity of the non-aligned countries with the Palestinian people have been firm, continuous and unwavering, and there is an overwhelming consensus within the Movement on the basic principles pertaining to Palestine and West Asia.

The Heads of State or Government of Non-aligned Countries, meeting in Delhi in March 1983, had the opportunity to re-examine exhaustively the question of Palestine. They affirmed that

"a just and durable peace in the Middle East cannot be established without the total and unconditional withdrawal of Israel from all Palestinian and other Arab territories occupied by it since 1967, including Jerusalem, and without the achievement of a just solution of the problem of Palestine on the basis of the attainment and exercise in Palestine of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people, including the right ... to establish the Palestinian independent State in its homeland, Palestine." (A/38/132, p. 25) The New Delhi Summit Meeting also decided to set up a Committee of Eight at the level of Heads of State or Government to support the rights of the Arab Palestinian people in accordance with international law and the will of the non-aligned countries and their peoples and with the specific objective of working to achieve a just, durable and comprehensive peace in the Middle East enabling the Palestinian people to exercise their rights in freedom and sovereignty in their independent homeland.

The Committee of Eight at the level of ministers and senior officials has held several meetings during 1983 and 1984 and has addressed itself to efforts that should be made in the light of the rapidly deteriorating situation in the region. At its recent meeting at ministerial level, held in New York on 3 October 1984, the Non-Aligned Committee of Eight reviewed the situation, particularly in the light of United Nations General Assembly resolution 38/58 C, which had endorsed the Geneva Declaration and plan of action and called for the convening of the International Peace Conference on the Middle East. The Ministers greatly appreciated the efforts of the United Nations Secretary-General towards the convening of the peace conference and expressed their regret at the negative response of some Governments to the proposed conference. They decided actively to continue in their collective and individual efforts to mobilize all means available with a view to realizing the implementation of the United Nations General Assembly resolution and to ensure the convening of such a peace conference, in which all parties to the Arab-Israeli conflict will be invited to participate, including the PLO, the sole and legitimate representative of the Palestinian people.

The recent meeting of Ministers and Heads of Delegation of Non-Aligned Countries to the thirty-ninth session of the United Nations General Assembly, held in New York in October 1984, called for the speedy implementation of General Assembly resolution 38/58 C and stressed anew the necessity for the early convening of the International peace Conference on the Middle East. They stressed that every encouragement and support should be extended to the United Nations Secretary-General to pursue his consultations for the convening of the International Peace Conference on the Middle East. They reaffirmed that the Question of Palestine was the core of the Middle East problem and the root cause of the Arab-Israeli conflict. Therefore, any partial solution or any solution limited to some aspects of the conflict and excluding the rest will not be possible.

If I have gone into the activities of the Non-Aligned Movement in support of the Palestinian cause at some length, it is to emphasize that support for and solidarity with our Palestinian brothers and sisters has been a fundamental feature of our Movement.

I wish to take this opportunity to pay tribute to the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People in its search for a just solution to the question of Palestine. The Committee's contribution in this regard has been significant. The programme of implementation of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people drawn up by the Committee has repeatedly been endorsed by the General Assembly by large majorities. The efforts of the Committee towards the early convening of the peace conference and to mobilize public support for the Palestinian cause have been untiring. No doubt much of the credit goes to the diligent efforts of the Chairman of the Committee.

India's sympathy for the Palestinian Arabs has been part of our foreign policy since the inception of our country. Their struggle may be long and arduous; but we have no doubt that the ultimate victory will belong to them. Let this historic occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People inspire us all to rededicate ourselves to the Palestinian cause, which is undoubtedly our own. Our voice will be one with theirs till victory is one.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): The Committee has always appreciated the role that the Non-Aligned Movement has played in the Palestine cause, and we particularly appreciate the work of the Committee of Eight and its highly fruitful activities on behalf of the Palestinian cause.

I now call upon the Chairman of the Group of Arab States, His Excellency Mr. Dia-Allah El-Fattal, Permanent Representative of the Syrian Arab Republic to the United Nations.

Mr. EL-FATTAL (Syrian Arab Republic) (interpretation from Arabic): Allow me at the outset to express to you. Sir, and to the members of your Committee deep thanks for the kind invitation extended to me in my capacity as Chairman of the Group of Arab States for this month to participate in commemorating the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People.

This observance is an indication of the deep understanding and full awareness of the international community of the question of the Palestinian people, evicted from their homeland and territory and still subject to the threat of annihilation. The Day of Solidarity is an indication of United Nations support of the Palestinian people in their legitimate struggle to regain their national rights and to establish their independent State on their national soil, under the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).

Indeed, the list of the grievances of the Palestinian people is a long one. It proves that since its inception Israel has practised usurpation, aggression and expansion at the expense of the territories of the Arab States and has defied the international community and the United Nations and its resolutions. Since its creation Israel has launched various barbaric attacks against Arab countries and has blatantly stated its expansionist plans and its intention to dominate the Middle East. Further, it has annexed Arab Jerusalem and the Syrian Golan Heights and has Invaded Lebanon and committed there the most horrendous kinds of murder, destruction and genocide. Israel is trying to strip Lebanon of its independence and sovereignty by attempting to impose an agreement upon it with the collaboration of the United States of America, an agreement that has been overthrown thanks to the struggling people of Lebanon.

In addition to the gross crimes perpetrated by Israel against the rights of the Palestinian people and its total responsibility for the displacement of millions of Arabs from their homes in Palestine, the Golan Heights and Lebanon, it is exercising throughout the occupied Arab territories an apartheid policy that is no less atrocious than that being pursued in South Africa. By such expansionist and aggressive policies and practices Israel has created an explosive situation with dangerous repercussions for international peace and security.

Israel could not have been able to persist in its aggressive and expansionist policies and actions and have continued to flout international public opinion and to violate the relevant resolutions adopted by the Organization without the encouragement and support it obtains from world imperialism, headed by the United States of America, in every political, diplomatic, economic and military field. The strategic co-operation begun in November 1981 between Washington and Tel Aviv has been extended and expanded and is directed against the interests of the Arab nation and its desire to live free from menace and from threat. Hence the relationship of the Arab nation to the Palestinian question, which is at the heart of the Middle East conflict, has been far deeper than that of mere solidarity. It is a link of common destiny based not only on the national ties that bind the Palestinian people to the rest of the Arab nation, since Israel's ambitions do not stop at the boundaries of Palestine but go beyond them to include the whole of the Arab region from the Mile to the Euphrates.

The fact that Israel rejects the idea of holding the International Peace Conference on the Middle East is a further flagrant defiance of the efforts of the United Nations and the international community to establish a just, durable and comprehensive peace in the region. In particular it ignores the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People. Israel's refusal is a further attempt to undermine the Committee's mandate based on the realization of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people, rights that have been internationally recognized. Most important among them is the right of the Palestinian people to accede to self-determination and to establish their own independent State in their national homeland free from any external intervention or interference.

The Arab Group urges the Committee to continue its strenuous endeavours to fulfil its mandate and to remove all obstacles placed by Zionism and imperialism in the path of just peace. I should like to reiterate the hope that the total solidarity and support enjoyed by this Committee will be of considerable help in the performance of its noble task.

I should now like to read out to the Committee the following message sent to the Chairman of the Committee by President Hafiz al-Assad, President of the Syrian Arab Republic, on the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People:

"On the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, I should like to convey to the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People the greetings of the Syrian Arab Republic as well as my own. The United Nations General Assembly resolution deciding to commemorate an International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People was taken in support of the rights of the Palestinian Arab people which were usurped by Israel through occupation and armed aggression, and by the use of oppression, repression, racial discrimination and forced displacement of persons in the occupied Arab territories.

"The General Assembly resolution rightly recognizes the rights of the Palestinian Arab people to receive support from all freedom-loving countries. For our part, the people of Syria regard the question of the. Palestinian people as at the heart of the problem of the Middle East and the focal point of our struggle against aggression and occupation and the establishment of a just peace in the region.

"The territory of Palestine is part of the Arab nation - indeed, it is the heart of the Arab nation. The Palestinian people are part of the Arab nation to which we belong. For that reason, the aggression launched against the Palestinian people is aggression launched against the Arab nation) it is the initial step in an expansionist Israeli plan aimed at establishing the greater State of Israel extending from the Nile to the Euphrates.

"The United Nations, through the General Assembly and all its bodies - and in particular the Security Council - has adopted numerous resolutions affirming the inalienable rights of the Palestinian Arab people. Those rights are still being usurped as a result of Israel's persistent refusal to implement those resolutions and its continued challenge to the United Nations, and because of the support given Israel by the United States of America.

"I am confident that the Committee will take these facts into consideration during its deliberations and that it will issue appropriate recommendations to the General Assembly to reestablish the inalienable rights of the Palestinian Arab people, including their right to return, their right to self-determination and their right to establish their own independent State on their own soil.

"I reiterate our greetings and best wishes for the Committee in the successful carrying out of its task."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French) I now call upon the Permanent Representative of Poland, Mr. Wlodzimierz Nafcorf, Chairman of the Group of Eastern European States.

Mr. NATORF (Poland) On the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People I should like, in my capacity as Chairman of the Eastern European Group of States at the United Nations, to pay tribute to the Palestinian people struggling for the realization of their inalienable right to self-determination and national independence.

The annual solemn observance of this Day is an occasion to focus attention on the tragic plight of the Palestinian people and to express the deep concern of the international community at the fact that the inalienable rights of that people have not yet been satisfied.

It has become axiomatic that the question of guaranteeing the exercise of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people lies at the very core of any Middle East settlement. The tragic events in the Middle East have confirmed the fact that until the Palestinians are guaranteed the opportunity to exercise their rights there can be no peace in the region.

Unfortunately, as a result of the aggressive expansionist policy of Israel, supported by its American strategic ally, the prospects for a Middle East settlement are still very remote, notwithstanding the fact that the international community, and particularly the United Nations, has devoted considerable attention to this question during recent years.

It is obvious that the arrogant policy of Israel could not have been pursued had it not relied on the total support of the United States. That country's constant and massive supply to Israel of the most sophisticated and destructive weapons, its huge material assistance that enables Israel to pursue its expansionist goals, its blocking of a just settlement in the Middle East - all this has greatly exacerbated the already explosive situation in that part of the world.

The basic principles of a just and lasting settlement of the question of Palestine and the restoration of peace in the Middle East are today recognized by the overwhelming majority of States. Many important proposals to ensure their implementation have been made, inter alia, by the Arab States in their well-known fez plan of 9 September 1982 and by the subsequent conferences of the countries members of the Non-Aligned Movement, as well as by the International Conference on the Question of Palestine, held in Geneva last year. A great number of States have supported these proposals; some of them have put forward their own suggestions, both jointly and individually. Among these are the recent proposals by the Soviet Union of 29 July of this year - and let me recall today the basic principles of the proposed settlement contained in that initiative.

One, the principle of the inadmissibility of the acquisition of foreign lands through aggression should be strictly complied with. Accordingly, all the territories occupied by Israel since 1967 - the Golan Heights, the West Bank of the River Jordan and the Gaza Strip and the Lebanese land - should be returned to the Arabs. The settlements established by Israel in the Arab territories after 1967 should be dismantled. The borders between Israel and its Arab neighbours should be declared inviolable.

Two, action must be taken to guarantee in practice the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people - whose sole legitimate representative is the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) - to self-determination and to establish its own independent State on Palestinian lands which will be freed from Israeli occupation on the West Bank of the Jordan River and in the Gaza Strip. As envisaged by the decision reached at the Arab Summit Conference at Fez, and with the consent of the Palestinians themselves, the West Bank of the Jordan River and the Gaza Strip can by placed by Israel under the control of the United Nations for a short transitional period not exceeding a few months.

Following the creation of an independent Palestinian State, it will naturally, by virtue of the sovereign rights inherent in every State, itself determine the nature of its relations with neighbouring countries, including the possibility of forming a confederation. The Palestinian refugees should be given the opportunity envisaged by the United Nations decisions to return to their homes or to receive appropriate compensation for the property they have left behind.

Three, East Jerusalem, which was occupied by Israel in 1967 and which is the site of one of the main Moslem shrines, should be returned to the Arabs and become an inalienable part of the Palestinian State. Freedom of access of believers to The Holy Places of the three religions should be ensured throughout Jerusalem.

Four, the right of all States in the region to secure an independent existence and development should be effectively guaranteed with, of course, full reciprocity, since the genuine security of some cannot be ensured by violating the security of others.

Five, an end should be put to the state of war, and peace should be established between the Arab States and Israel. This means that all the parties the conflict. Including Israel and the Palestinian State, should commit themselves to honour each other's sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity and to resolve by peaceful means, through talks, the disputes that have arisen.

Six, international guarantees of the settlement should be drawn up and adopted. The role of guarantor could, for example, be assumed by the Permanent Members of the United Nations Security Council or by the Security Council as a whole.

An international conference on the Middle East, especially convened for this purpose under the auspices of the United Nations and with the participation of all parties concerned - including the Palestine Liberation Organization as well as the Soviet Union and the United States - is the only right and effective way of ensuring a radical solution to the problem.

On the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People it is proper to reaffirm the strong conviction that that is the only right way to restore all rights to the valiant people of Palestine.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French) I now call upon the representative of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Mr. Vincent Pompey, Chairman of the Group of Latin American States.

Mr. POMPEY (Saint Vincent and the Grenadines): On behalf of the Group of Latin American States and on my own behalf I should like to extend to you personally. Sir, and to all the members of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, as well as to the representatives of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) present here and other Palestinian representatives, our sincere congratulations and best wishes on the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People.

Since the last observance of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, nothing much has changed in so far as arriving at a solution to the Palestinian problem is concerned. The International Conference on the Question of Palestine and other diplomatic activities over the past 12 months have brought us no further towards a solution to this problem, which remains a major threat to international peace and security. The international community must redouble its efforts to find a just and peaceful solution that will satisfy the legitimate interests of all the parties involved and, in particular, those of the Palestinian people.

The General Assembly has on various occasions reaffirmed the basic outlines for a comprehensive settlement of the Palestinian question. These include recognition of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people to self-determination and national independence, Israel's withdrawal from all Arab and Palestinian territories it has occupied since 1967 and the right of all States in the region to live in peace within safe and internationally recognized boundaries.

This year's commemoration of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People provides a timely opportunity for the international community to reflect on the need to find a just solution to the problems of the Middle East and to recognize the rights of the Palestinian people, including their right to a homeland and the exercise of self-determination and national independence, in accordance with the relevant resolutions of the United Nations.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I now call upon His Excellency Mr. Mizuo Kuroda, Permanent Representative of Japan to the United Nations and Chairman of the Group of Asian States.

Mr. KURODA (Japan) In my capacity as current Chairman of the Asian Group I should like to express, on behalf of the Group of Asian States, our deep appreciation to you, Mr. Chairman, as well as to the other members of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, for giving me this opportunity to speak on this important occasion.

We are all aware that the question of Palestine is at the core of the Middle East problem. The situation in the region continues to be volatile and deeply complex, and hopes for peace remain dim. The bloodshed and suffering will continue until a just and lasting solution to the question of Palestine is found. Tragically, efforts towards a solution have not been fruitful. On the contrary, we have observed that the plight of the Palestinian people has worsened recently.

In order to achieve the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people, we hope that the unity of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) will be restored and that It will consolidate its position as an Integral party in the search for peace.

The peace and stability of the Middle East directly affect the peace and prosperity of the world. Deeply concerned about the present situation, I believe that the following conditions must be satisfied if the problem is to be resolved and a just, lasting and comprehensive peace achieved. Israeli forces must be completely withdrawn from all the Arab territories occupied in the 1967 wary the legitimate and inalienable rights of the Palestinian people, including the right to establish an Independent State, must be recognized in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations; and the security of all the States of the region must be guaranteed and their territorial integrity respected.

I trust that the Palestinian people will transcend their present difficulties in the near future. It is also our sincere hope that the question of Palestine will be resolved through negotiations involving all the parties concerned, Including the Palestine Liberation Organization, and that peace and stability will be established in the Middle East as soon as possible.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French) I now call upon the Permanent Representative of Bangladesh, who will speak on behalf of the Organization of the Islamic Conference in New York.

Mr. WASIUDDIN (Bangladesh): Before I make my statement as Chairman of the Organization of the Islamic Conference in New York I have the honor to read out the following message received from His Excellency Mr. Humayun Rasheed Choudhury, Adviser for Foreign Affairs of the Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, in his capacity as Chairman of the Fourteenth Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers, on the occasion of the observance of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People on 29 November 1984:

"I have learnt with great pleasure that the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People is to observe the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People on 29 November 1984 through a special commemorative meeting.

"Bangladesh has always endeavoured to project the cause of the Palestinian brethren in all international forums and has taken keen interest in the realization of their just and Inalienable rights.

"On this solemn occasion I wish to reaffirm Bangladesh's total support for the just and legitimate cause of the Palestinian people for the achievement of their rights and for the establishment of a State of their own.

"On this occasion I also wish to express my warm felicitations to the members of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People for their commendable task in the projection of the just cause of the Palestinian people."

The Organization of the Islamic Conference, which was established in 1969, has always attached the highest importance to the question of Palestine and the Middle East and we have adopted comprehensive resolutions on the subject at all our meetings, including the last Foreign Minister's Conference held in Dhaka last year which, inter alia, highlighted the following points on the question of Palestine.

First, the cause of Palestine is the core of the Middle East problem and the crux of the Arab-Israeli struggle.

Secondly, the Palestinian cause and the Middle East question form an Indivisible whole when dealing with the problem or seeking a solution thereto. Hence, no solution can be devised and applied to some parties to the exclusion of others, or limited to some of the causes and not to others} nor can partial peace be established, for peace should be comprehensive and inclusive of all parties to the dispute and should eliminate all the causes that led to the dispute and should, moreover, be a just solution.

Thirdly, a just peace in the region can be achieved only on the basis of complete and unconditional withdrawal by Israel from all the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories and on the recovery by the Palestinian people of their inalienable national rights, including their right to their homeland, Palestine) their right to return to their homeland and recover their property as guaranteed the United Nations General Assembly resolutions their right to self-determination without any foreign interference their right freely to exercise sovereignty over their land and natural resources and their right to establish their national independent State in Palestine, under the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization.

Fourthly, that Al-Quds is an integral part of the occupied Palestinian territory, that Israel must unconditionally and totally withdraw from it and that if should be restored to Arab sovereignty.

Fifthly, that the Palestine Liberation Organization is the legitimate and sol representative of the Palestinian people and that it alone has the full right to represent that people and to participate independently, on an equal footing, in all Conferences.

Lastly, any solution which is not established on these principles and bases and on their application without exception cannot lead to the realization of a just peace but, on the contrary, will contribute to making the situation in the region more explosive.

On behalf of the members of the Organization of the Islamic Conference in New York, I extend to you. Sir, our appreciation for the wise, skilful act dedicated leadership you have provided as Chairman of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, and I extend to you and to the other members of the Committee our wholehearted support in all your noble endeavours.

Since I have the floor, I seek the Committee's kind permission to read out the following message we have received from His Excellency Lieutenant-General Hussain Muhammad Ershad, President of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, addressed to the Chairman of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People on this solemn occasion.

"Today, as the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People is being observed all over the world under the auspices of the United Nations, the Government and the people of Bangladesh once again join with the international community in reiterating full and unswerving support for our Palestinian brethren in their just struggle for independence and for the realization of their inalienable and legitimate rights to establish a State of their own in their homeland, under the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization, their sole and legitimate representative, with Jerusalem as its capital.

"The question of Palestine is at the heart of the Middle East problem. It is a major challenge to the credibility of the international community in its efforts to uphold the principles and objectives enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations. No other problem has evoked so much thought, unleashed such a high degree of indignation in recent times as has this issue, the tragedy of a dispossessed nation.

"The political entity of the Palestinian people and their right to establish a State of their own in their homeland is an established fact under international law and jurisprudence. Ignoring this factor would be to discount a reality recognized by an overwhelming majority of the world's nation-States. The recognition of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people to self-determination and to the establishment of a State of their own must be the fundamental element of any durable and lasting peace in the Middle East. Bangladesh has always taken a keen interest in and endeavoured to uphold the just cause of the Palestinian people in all international forums, especially the United Nations. From the very outset Bangladesh has actively advocated the establishment of the rights of the Palestinian people as a nation.

"I should like to take this opportunity to convey the deep appreciation of the Government and the people of Bangladesh to the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People in projecting their just cause."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I now call upon the Permanent Observer of the Organization of the Islamic Conference to the United Nations, Youssouf Sylla, who will speak on behalf of the Secretary-General of the Conference.

Mr. SYLLA (Organization of the Islamic Conference) (interpretation from French): First of all, I am privileged to thank the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, through you, Mr. Chairman, for the invitation it has so kindly extended to our organization to participate in the commemoration of this International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People. That invitation is of great reassurance to us, especially because the Organization of the Islamic Conference has, since its inception, had as its main goal the liberation of the Palestinian people and their recovery of the lands occupied by Israel. It is in that light that we have associated ourselves very closely with the work of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People and it is in that spirit that the Committee has been invited to attend all of our meetings and to collaborate in the preparation of our resolutions.

In this connection we may well say that the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People and the Organization of the Islamic Conference have carried out joint and ongoing activities to contribute to the liberation of the Palestinian people. It therefore gives me great pleasure to read out to the Committee the following message of the Secretary-General of the Organization of the Islamic Conference, Mr. Habib Chatti:

"Each year on this very day the peoples and States of the world demonstrate their solidarity with the Palestinian people in their legitimate struggle to recover their land, to exercise their right to self-determination and to establish an independent State on their homeland. This day, the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, which is commemorated annually pursuant to a resolution of the United Nations General Assembly, is a day for the clear and overt recognition of that people byline international community, and it enshrines that people's inalienable rights, including the right to return to self-determination and to establish an independent State in their own homeland, under the leadership of their sole legitimate representative, the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).

"Further, the Day reaffirms the fact that peace can be attained in the Middle East only through the full restoration of the rights of the Palestinian people and a just and comprehensive settlement of the Palestinian problem with the participation of the main parties concerned, in keeping with' the principles of the Fez plan and of the principles enunciated by the International Peace Conference on the Middle East and endorsed by the United Nations.

"On this occasion we cannot but remind the entire world that the Zionist entity has not only flouted international resolutions and world public opinion, which has recognized and supports the historic rights of the Palestinian people, but it has, since its establishment, also resorted to all forms of terrorism, oppression and repression against that people and its land with a view to changing its composition and Judaizing it before annexing it by force by using the highly sophisticated war machinery provided it by the United States of America, which support merely exacerbates that entity's voracity, increases its appetite and contributes to the absorption of more neighbouring Arab territories in addition to the occupation of all of Palestine.

"On behalf of millions of Moslems throughout the world, the Organization of the Islamic Conference strongly condemns the fascist, Zionist aggression against Islamic holy places and the Palestinian people of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip and totally rejects the plan for Judaization of the Holy City and the policy of colonialist settlement and annexation of the territories through force. The Organization of the Islamic Conference reaffirms its ongoing solidarity with and absolute support for the Palestinian people at home and abroad and hails those who have risen up to defend Al-Aqsa, al-Haram al-Ibrahimi and all the other shrines in the occupied territories. Our organization has observed that so far the State of Israel, with the support of the United States, has been in a position to carry out its actions, and we recognize that there is need for courageous decisions to be taken towards a solution of the problem which so endangers both the interests of the United States and world peace. All Arab and Moslem peoples are aware of the importance of the United States role in ensuring that justice is done the Palestinian people in a framework of international law and resolutions adopted by international bodies, and we anxiously await the time when the United States will finally take the path dictated by its own principles with respect to human rights and the right of peoples to decide freely on their own destinies.

"We also call oh European countries and the international community to shoulder their responsibilities and adopt the necessary measures to rein in Zionist arrogance, freeze the settlements policy and bring about the withdrawal of forces from occupied Arab territories and the recognition of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people, in particular their rights to self-determination and to the establishment of an independent Palestinian State, under the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), its sole legitimate representative.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): The next speaker is a member of the delegation of the League of Arab States, speaking on behalf of its Permanent Observer.

Mr. GARGANI (League of Arab States) (interpretation from Arabic) I am particularly honoured on this occasion to read out the following message addressed to the Committee by the Secretary-General of the League of Arab States:

"As I cannot participate personally in your work, I should like to address this message to you.

"I am particularly happy to begin this message by extending sincere greetings to the participants in your meeting in the United Nations pursuant to resolutions relevant to the celebration of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People. We are grateful to the international community for all the efforts made to condemn the steps taken by the Israeli authorities and we also thank it for its efforts to defend the rights of the Palestinian people. The United Nations Charter is a source of hope for people struggling to recover their dignity and to resist aggressors and any Power seeking to crush them. I am also convinced, just as you are, that the struggle of forces - either peoples or international organizations - for peace and freedom, must sooner or later triumph.

"We therefore consider that this is a matter of determination and of time. The will is there and time is precious. Thus, efforts on the part of Arab countries are increasing to convince States to implement the relevant resolutions and to recognize the rights of the Arab countries and the struggle of the Palestinians, in particular, to reject the designs of enemies and enable mankind to avoid further destruction.

"For this to be achieved the Israelis must withdraw from the occupied Arab territories and grant the Palestinian people their right to self-determination and to establish an independent State on their own territory, under the leadership of the PLO, which was chosen by the people to be their sole legitimate representative.

"Convinced of the gravity of the situation in the Middle East and of the fact that the principal cause in the region is that of the Palestinians, the United Nations has followed the situation there with great interest with a view to preserving peace and security in the region. It is also convinced that we are claiming our rights. Our cause is just. We are striving for a lasting peace and we hope that some day we will be able to turn over the page on past history and devote all our energies towards working for development, progress and prosperity.

"Certainly, that spirit motivated the Arab leaders meeting in Fez at the Twelfth Summit, which led to the adoption of the Arab peace plan. As soon as the plan was promulgated, it was rejected by Israel in spite of the fact that its provisions were aimed at peace and security in the region. Even if international circumstances did not allow for the application of the peace plan, it once again showed that even under the most difficult circumstances of aggression the leaders of the Arab nation are completely convinced that peaceful coexistence was possible, if conditions for such coexistence should exist. We believe also in the dignity of our people and in the rights of the Palestinian people.

"Israel's rejection of that Arab peace plan illustrates once more that Israel is not interested in a lasting peace or in genuine security. Israel is more interested in the territories it has occupied since 1967. This is clearly arid manifestly in keeping with its expansionist policy, which is a challenge to international law and to United Nations resolutions.

"No one knows what will happen next, because Israel has sunk to the most deplorable level of behaviour. Israel is proud of its strength. Supported by countries which ratified the United Nations Charter, Israel is challenging the principles and very spirit of the Charter.

"Our meeting today is one which gives comfort to the Palestinian people and to the Organization as a whole, because it is an expression of international solidarity with the Palestinian people in its just struggle to recover dignity and liberty."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I call next on the Permanent Representative of Kuwait.

Mr. ABULHASAN (Kuwait) (interpretation from Arabic): I am greatly honoured today to read out the following message sent by Sheikh Jaber Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait, addressed to this distinguished meeting commemorating the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People:

"First of all, I take this opportunity to send greetings from the people of Kuwait and to thank the Organization of the Islamic Conference and the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People.

"Like all lovers of freedom, right and justice, we welcome any such occasion meant to express solidarity with them in their just cause as well as to stress the urgent need to come to a quick solution of this problem by implementing the United Nations resolutions providing for their rehabilitation and the recovery of their legitimate inalienable rights, including the right to self-determination. I think that there is none so cruel and unfair except the aggressor as to deny them such natural rights.

"Undoubtedly, contemporary history has not witnessed injustice on a scale comparable to that suffered by this ill-fated people, afflicted as they have been with seizure of their homeland and gross violations of their rights.

"And here one might ask: Why has this issue lagged behind all this time? Thirty-six years have already elapsed since the Palestine catastrophe, with no one to redress the wrong they suffered or to take any resolute action, such as implementing the relevant United Nations resolutions.

"If that means anything, it certainly demonstrates the lack of commitment on the part of the big Powers and indifference on the part of the international community as a whole.

"Meanwhile the oppressors pursue their arbitrary measures and violations, paying scant attention to and utterly disregarding all international conventions and established norms, including the United Nations Charter. Would the aggressors have dared go to such lengths in their transgressions if they had not enjoyed the total support irrationally extended to them by certain quarters, which seem unaware that such support may demolish the very foundations on which international legitimacy is based?

"If this explosive issue remains unresolved, it will constitute a challenge to the big Powers, as it does to international legitimacy represented by the United Nations. It is high time, therefore, that injustice be redressed and rights restored. Only in this way can the Middle East region enjoy peace and stability, thereby promoting and strengthening peace and stability throughout the entire world.

"In calling upon all international bodies and organizations to do their utmost to bring about a quick solution of this problem, we can but speak highly of the honourable stand of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries in this regard.

"Finally, may all our good efforts be crowned with success and enable this dispersed and homeless people to realize its hopes and aspirations for freedom, independence and human dignity."
The meeting rose at 1.15 p.m.



This record is subject to correction.

Corrections should be submitted in one of the working languages, preferably in the same language as the text to which they refer. They should be set forth in a memorandum and also, if possible, incorporated in a copy of the record. They should be sent within one week of the date of this document to the Chief, Official Records Editing Section Department of conference Services, room DC2-750, 2 United Nations Plaza.

Any corrections to the record of this meeting will be issued in a corrigendum.


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