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Source: Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
8 March 2005


OFFICE FOR THE COORDINATION OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS

P.O. Box 38712 East Jerusalem
Phone: (972) 2 – 5829962 / 5825853, Fax: (972) 2 – 5825841
ochaopt@un.org, www.ochaopt.org

OCHA Weekly Briefing Notes
Update for oPt (2 - 8 March 2005)


INSIDE: Physical Protection - Deaths and Injuries -- Shelter and Property - People displaced/House demolition/Demolition orders -- Natural Resources - Land levelling/Requisitions/Tree Uprooting -- Facilitation of Humanitarian Assistance - Incidents involving safety and movement of ambulances, medical teams, humanitarian organisations -- Access and Movement for Civilians - Curfews, Access to Education, Access to Employment, Closures/Movement Restrictions -- Additional Protection Issues

1. Physical Protection

Deaths and Injuries

Palestinians: Deaths: 2; Injured: 18 (approximate)
Israelis: Deaths: 0; Injured: 7 (approximate)
Internationals: Deaths: 0; Injured: 0

Selected incidents:
2 March: A 13-year-old boy was injured by IDF gunfire near Rafiah Yam settlement in Rafah, Gaza.
2 March: Two Israelis were injured near Ofra settlement, northeast of Ramallah, when unknown Palestinians threw two firebombs at their vehicle while they travelling on bypass Road 60 near the settlement.
2 March: A settler shot a Palestinian injuring his hand in Ramin, Tulkarm.
3 March: Three settlers were injured when Palestinians stoned Israeli vehicles on Road 443 near Saffa village, west of Ramallah.
4 March: The IDF fired plastic–coated metal bullets and tear gas canisters at Palestinian demonstrating against the construction of the Barrier and levelling of agricultural land. Sixteen people were reported injured.
5 March: Palestinian residents who recently returned to their cave dwellings in the village of Qawawis, south Hebron in the Masafer Yatta area, were attacked by a group of Israeli settlers who then occupied their houses for a few hours. The IDF and the police, called to the scene, asked all the Palestinians to leave the area except for the heads of four households. The Palestinians were allowed by court order to return to their caves last week.
5 March: An elderly Palestinian farmer from Yasuf, Salfit, was injured and transferred to Rafedia hospital in Nablus after he reportedly was attacked by six Israeli settlers.
5 March: Palestinian militants shot dead a Palestinian alleged collaborator in Ramallah city.
6 March: One Palestinian was shot dead by a Palestinian policeman during a clash in Ramallah city.
7 March: Two Palestinian women and one man from Al Karmil were injured after being stoned and beaten by masked settlers trying to remove them from the area where they were grazing their flock. The attack took place in south Hebron in an agricultural area just north of Road 317 close to the settlement of Ma’on.
7 and 8 March: The IDF used tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse protesters demonstrating against Barrier construction in the Bil’in village area, west of Ramallah. Thirteen Palestinians were reported injured, including three children.


Sources: OCHA FCU, PRCS, UNRWA, WHO, IDF website, Israeli MoFA, offices of governors.

2. Shelter and Property

People displaced/House demolitions/Demolition orders

West Bank:
3 March: The IDF occupied a building at the eastern entrance of Nablus city and used it as an observation point for several hours. Residents of the building were not allowed to leave the building during the period.
3 March: The IDF occupied several buildings in Salim village east of Nablus city and used them as observation points for several hours. Movement of the building residents was restricted during the period.
3 March: Bedouins living near Az Zawiya, Salfit, were told to leave the area as it is considered "state land". The Bedouins left the area after a 24-hour verbal warning was given.
3 March: The IDF handed over a demolition order for a house belonging to a Palestinian family in Wadi Fukin, Bethlehem Governorate, giving the owner a one-month deadline to carry out the demolition. The house, inhabited by five persons (including 3 children) is to be demolished because it is built on “state land” according to the IDF. The owner will have to carry out the demolition himself or bear the costs incurred by the IDF if the latter will undertake it.

The Gaza Strip:
• No incidents reported.

Sources: OCHA FCU, UNRWA


3. Natural Resources

Land levelling/Requisitions/Tree Uprooting1

West Bank:
2 to 8 March: Levelling of land near Kafriat checkpoint, Tulkarm, continued in preparation for a new tunnel under Road 557.
3 March: A group of Israeli settlers disrupted water rehabilitation work at Beita, Nablus.
3 March: The IDF issued four requisition orders covering nearly 1,400 dunums (140 hectares) of land in south Hebron for the construction of the Barrier. The four orders cover a stretch of land running from the southern part of Ar Ramadin toward the Israeli settlement of Beit Yatir mostly along the West Bank side of the Green Line.
6 March: Settlers from Susya, south of the city of Hebron, have fenced in and planted on 40 dunums (4 hectares) of agricultural land on the eastern side of the settlement. The land belongs to two Palestinian Bedouin families from Yatta who have been prevented from accessing their lands for the past two months. No military requisition orders have been issued for the land.
7 and 8 March: In Ramallah Governorate, Israeli contractors resumed land levelling west of Bil’in village heading south toward Saffa village for the construction of the Barrier.
8 March: Settlers from Kiryat Arba, in Hebron, have continued working on a new road connecting a secondary entrance of the settlement to “Prayers Road”. According to the office of the governor in Hebron, electricity poles erected last week have now been connected with electrical wiring. The IDF confirmed that there is no military order issued to confiscate the land on which the road is being built.

_____________
1 4 dunums = 1 acre; 10 dunums = 1 hectare



Jerusalem Barrier:
North West Jerusalem Villages:
2 to 8 March: Land levelling continued throughout the week southwest of Beit Surik. A number of trees were also uprooted. Levelling also continued between Har Adar settlement near Beit Surik and Beit Liqya in the West.
North Jerusalem:
2 to 8 March: Land levelling continued for the construction of the new terminal checkpoint located south of the current Qalandia checkpoint and west of the Barrier. Construction and land levelling also continued east of Qalandia checkpoint for the construction of new Israeli DCL offices, a parking lot and a road to connect Road 60 from the Qalandia area to Ar Ram Jaba Road. Land levelling and construction also continued alongside the road between Jaba and Hizma and Anata.
East Jerusalem:
2 to 8 March: Land levelling continued east of Ar Ram near the Coptic housing project and Wadi Ayyad near Neve Yaakov settlement, and on the northern side of Anata and Shufat refugee camp.
3 March: The IDF issued a requisition order covering 2 dunums (0.2 hectares) for Barrier construction in Eizariyeh.

The Gaza Strip:
• No incidents reported.

Sources: OCHA FCU, Al Mezan Center for Human Rights, UNRWA, Palestinian DCL, Village Council


4. Facilitation of Humanitarian Assistance

Incidents involving safety and movement of ambulances and medical teams

West Bank:
Denial of access: 2
Delay (30 minutes): 1
Shooting/Damage to Ambulance: 0

3 March: A medical team from the Ministry of Health was denied access to Salim village, Nablus, as the area was declared a closed military area.

The Gaza Strip:
Denial of access: 1
Delay (more 30 minutes): 3
Shooting/Damage to Ambulance: 0

7 March: Two MOH ambulances were delayed at Erez crossing for four hours and then denied access while transporting a patient from the Gaza Strip to Israel.
8 March: A group of six cancer patients was delayed for six hours at Erez crossing; they decided to return to the Gaza Strip.

Sources: OCHA FCU, WHO, PRCS, Palestinian MoH


5. Access and Movement for Civilians

A. Curfews

2 March: The IDF placed Abu Dis, Sawahra Sharqiya and Izariya under curfew for several hours and Al Quds University students were held inside the campus for several hours.
7 March: The IDF placed the old city of Hebron under curfew around noon. The curfew was lifted at 2pm the following day.

Sources: OCHA FCU, Village Councils, UNRWA, Palestinian DCL


B. Access to Education

West Bank:
3 March: Students of Salim village, Nablus, were not allowed to reach their schools in the village due to IDF presence in the area.
5 March: Students from Sarra, Tell and Qusin villages were denied access to An Najah University due to a flying checkpoint on the road that connects the three villages to Nablus city.
6 March: The IDF entered Zeita, Tulkarm, and detained three pupils in the elementary school for three hours.

The Gaza Strip:
During the reporting period, the 24 pupils living in As-Seafa continued to reach their schools late because they were delayed at the As Seafa gate. Upon return, the pupils were again delayed for several hours and were not allowed to enter the area before approximately 3.30pm.

Sources: OCHA FCU, UNRWA, UNICEF, Palestinian DCL


C. Access to Employment

West Bank: (most recent figures listed below)
Bethlehem: As of 1 March there are 1,472 active permits for workers and 1,081 for traders in Bethlehem Governorate (according to the Israeli DCL).
Hebron: No figures were available from the Israeli DCL in Hebron.
Nablus district: A total of 700 permits for traders and 509 for workers have been issued for the period 1 to 28 February.
Jenin: A total of 290 permits for traders have been issued for the period 1to 28 February.
Tubas: A total of 150 permits for traders and 102 for workers have been issued for the period 1 to 28 February.
Ramallah/Al Bireh: A total of 1,100 permits for traders and 1,269 for workers have been issued for the period 1 January to 1 March.
Tulkarm: A total of 1,307 permits for workers have been issued for the period 1 to 28 February.
Qalqiliya: A total of 387 permits for workers have been issued for the period 1 to 28 February.
Salfit: A total of 531 permits for workers have been issued for the period 1to 28 February.

The Gaza Strip:
2 March: Israeli authorities issued 1,126 permits for Palestinian workers and 423 permits for merchants aged 35 years and older.




D. Closure/Movement Restrictions
In addition to flying the checkpoints noted below, at least 15 others were set up during the week for various amounts of time.

Tulkarm Governorate:
Qalqiliya Governorate:
Nablus Governorate: Ramallah/Al Bireh Governorate
Jerusalem Barrier:
Bethlehem Governorate:
Hebron Governorate:
The Enclosed Areas in the Gaza Strip:
Source: OCHA FCUs and UNRWA

6. Additional Protection Issues

Searches and Arrests

Sources: OCHA FCUs, UNRWA, UNSECCORD, UNSCO, Palestinian DCLs, Palestinian Governors’ offices, Al Mezan Center for Human Rights, IDF
END







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