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Soixante-septième réunion de haut niveau de l’AG sur l’état de droit /Question de Palestine – Communiqué de presse de l’AG (extraits) Français
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Source: Department of Public Information (DPI)
General Assembly
24 September 2012

General Assembly
GA/11290

        Department of Public Information • News and Media Division • New York

Sixty-seventh General Assembly
Plenary
3rd, 4th & 5th Meetings (AM, PM & Night)

WORLD LEADERS ADOPT DECLARATION REAFFIRMING RULE OF LAW AS FOUNDATION

FOR BUILDING EQUITABLE STATE RELATIONS, JUST SOCIETIES

Respect for Accepted Norms Cannot be Ambiguous,
General Assembly President Stresses as Speakers Warn against Selectivity


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Background

The General Assembly convened today its first-ever high-level meeting devoted to the rule of law at national and international levels. According to a background note issued by Secretariat, the rule of law is central to many of the challenges facing the global community and the Assembly’s day-long meeting will highlight the central place that it is assuming in world affairs (see Press Release GA/11288).

At the national level, strong, inclusive and accountable institutions which demonstrate equitable application of the rule of law are crucial for conflict prevention and the consolidation of post-conflict peacebuilding gains. The note says that complex and interconnected threats — organized crime, trafficking, conflict and terrorism — undermine international security and development and require effective rule of law instruments to address them at national, regional and global levels.

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MAHMOUD AHMADINEJAD, President of Iran, ...

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Continuing, he said that laws that bred discrimination among people and nations were illegitimate and should not be recognized. For example, the discriminatory veto right that rested with the permanent members of the Security Council lacked legitimacy, “and that is why that body has failed to establish justice and ensure sustainable peace and security in the world.” Indeed, some of those veto-wielding Council members had chosen to remain silent regarding the nuclear warheads maintained by a “fake regime”, while at the same time impeding the nuclear progress of certain other nations. They also wrongly invoked the Charter and misused free speech to justify their silence regarding offenses to the human community and to divined prophets. “They support these offenders infringe upon the freedoms of others and allow sacrilege […] while they criminalize investigation into a historical issue and jail researchers,” he said, decrying such double standards, particularly regarding the “Zionist regime” and its occupation of Palestinian lands.

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Explanations of Position

The representative of Venezuela outlined his delegation’s opposition to paragraph 28 of the Declaration adopted on the Rule of Law, saying that the aim of promoting that concept should be to ensure the interests of all people of the world. Yet, without the existence of a truly democratic system within the United Nations, particularly regarding the make-up and decision-making mechanisms of the Security Council, “the rule of law will forever be a utopian dream”. Venezuela, therefore, expressed reservations to language in the Declaration regarding that body’s work. Indeed, rather than strengthening the rule of law, the Security Council had often flouted the concept, as evidenced in its disregard for the desire of the wider United Nations membership, its treatment of the Palestinian question and the recent decision it had adopted on the situation in Libya.

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Statements

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MOURAD MEDELCI, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Algeria, ...

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Expressing regret that there had been no settlement of the Palestinian question, and that the Palestinian people remained unable to exercise their right to self-determination, he stressed that they must have that right ...

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