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Source: Division for Palestinian Rights
31 August 1994
CHRONOLOGICAL REVIEW OF EVENTS

RELATING TO THE QUESTION OF PALESTINE


August 1994



















Monitored from the media by the
Division for Palestinian Rights


1 August PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat and representatives of the Government of Japan and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) signed, in Gaza, accords to start housing and clean-up projects in the Gaza Strip. According to the accords, Japan is committed to finance a $10 million housing project and a $5 million Gaza clean-up operation through UNDP. (Reuters)
2 August PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat met in Gaza with Mr. Ilter Türkmen, the Commissioner of UNRWA. Mr. Türkmen was quoted as saying that the agency's main concern was to promote self-reliance by the Palestinians and that it launched $120 million worth of projects in the West Bank and Gaza Strip and a further $65 million in schemes for refugees in Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. (Reuters)
3 August The Israeli Parliament (Knesset) overwhelmingly endorsed the Washington Declaration ending the state of war between Jordan and Israel, which was signed on 25 July in Washington by King Hussein and Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin. Hours after the parliament voted 91-3 in favour of the Israeli-Jordanian declaration, three Israeli fighter jets escorted King Hussein's low-flying aircraft on an unprecedented flight through Israel's airspace. (Reuters)


4 August Jordanian and Israeli experts met to work out a four-week timetable for drawing the final map of the Jordanian-Israeli border lines. The meeting of the experts is aimed at preparing a border plan to be discussed during the second round of the bilateral Jordanian-Israeli talks, which is slated for 8 August. (Xinhua)

Norway's ambassador to Israel, Zein Sevje, signed a memorandum of understanding with Muhammad Nashashibi, member of the Palestinian Authority, in charge of finance, in which Norway pledged to grant the Palestinian Authority $22.5 million to restore the Gaza Strip's electricity network. (Reuters)

Senegal and Israel renewed their diplomatic relations which were severed during the 1973 war in the Middle East. (Reuters)


5 August Mr. Faisal Husseini, who is considered as the number one PLO leader in East Jerusalem said that the city's mayor, Ehud Olmert, had agreed to meet him as "two citizens of Jerusalem, to get acquainted and to discuss the city's affairs and problems". Israeli's army radio quoted Olmert as saying that he invited Husseini to a get-acquainted meeting as a Jerusalem resident and not as a representative of the PLO. The meeting has not yet been set. (Reuters)


6 August PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat met with U.S. Secretary of State Warren Christopher and President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt as the Secretary of State arrived in Egypt to begin another round of regional shuttle diplomacy. Messrs. Mubarak and Arafat held separate talks earlier in the day before Mr. Christopher's arrival. (AP)

About 700 supporters of the Hamas movement, together with Marxist organizations, held a sit-in in Gaza to demand municipal elections, a free press and the ouster of the PLO-appointed city council. Gaza Mayor Aoun Shawa told the protesters that all factions were welcomed to join the council, which he said was temporary until elections are held. (AP)


7 August Israeli President Ezer Weizman invited King Hussein of Jordan to visit Jerusalem any time when the two leaders spoke on the phone inaugurating direct telephone lines between Israel and Jordan. (AP)


8 August In a formal ceremony, Israel and Jordan opened the first road link between the two countries. The ceremony near Aqaba was opened by Crown Prince Hassan while Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and U.S. Secretary of State Warren Christopher shared the rostrum with him and some 1,000 Israeli and Jordanian officials and guests. After the ceremony, King Hussein hosted Mr. Rabin and four other Israeli officials, including Foreign Minister Shimon Peres, over lunch at his palace in Aqaba. (The New York Times)

Germany opened a representative office in Jericho, becoming the first foreign government to open such a mission in the Palestinian self-ruled areas. (Xinhua)

The observing team of the Temporary International Presence in Hebron (TIPH), which was sent to Hebron after a Jewish settler massacred some 30 Palestinians in the Ibrahimi Mosque, left the city ending their three-month stay there. (Reuters)


9 August Israeli and Jordanian negotiators met in a hotel in Sedom on the Israeli side of the Dead Sea and resumed their talks on border demarcation, water, air space, security and tourism. (AP)


10 August Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat met at Erez crossing point near Gaza and discussed problems that have impeded Palestinian self-rule. It was reported that during the 90-minute meeting, Israel agreed to set up discussions on extending self-rule to the rest of the West Bank and promised to implement the agreement on safe passage for Palestinians between Gaza and Jericho. (The New York Times)


11 August Israeli Industry and Trade Minister Micha Harish met in Tel Aviv with some 120 Palestinian businessmen from the West Bank and discussed with them ways and means to improve Palestinian exports and to bring about the growth of the Palestinian economy. (Reuters)


12 August A consortium of European firms signed in Amsterdam an agreement with the Palestinian Authority to build a harbour in Gaza. The construction of the harbour, which would cost $60 million, will be funded by the Dutch, French and Italian Governments. (Reuters)

Two Palestinians were shot dead by Israeli police north of Jerusalem after an earlier shootout in which three Israeli policemen were wounded. According to the Israeli police, the gunmen opened fire at police in the Al Ram neighbourhood wounding three policemen. After chasing the gunmen to East Jerusalem, the police fired at them, killing two and injuring a third one. (Reuters)


13 August Israeli authorities ordered the closure of Al-Bayan, an Arabic weekly based in East Jerusalem saying it was linked to the Islamic movement of Hamas. Mr. Abdel Hadi Bitar, the owner of the weekly, said that his newspaper has no association with Hamas. (Reuters)


14 August Palestinian gunmen killed an Israeli and wounded three others when they opened fire from a passing car between the Jewish settlement of Gush Katif and Kissafim junction outside the self-ruled areas of the Gaza Strip. According to Israeli sources, the attackers escaped in the direction of Deir El-Balah into the self-ruled areas. (Xinhua)

Israeli customs officials and PLO representatives reached an agreement on customs and indirect tax measures (VAT). The move is reported to be a critical step in the implementation of the Israeli-PLO economic protocol and will ease the financial constraints of the cash-strapped Palestinian treasury. (The Financial Times)


15 August Bolivia and Paraguay moved their embassies from Tel Aviv to Mevassert, close to Jerusalem but not into the city, as requested by Israel. It was reported that the Assistant Director-General for Latin American Affairs of the Israeli Foreign Ministry has visited several Latin American countries and informed them that Israel would withhold the closure of Israeli embassies in their countries if they would move their embassies to Jerusalem. The Dominican Republic has complied but Bolivia and Paraguay insisted that they will only move their embassies to a place outside of Jerusalem's municipal border. Besides the Dominican Republic, Costa Rica and El Salvador have also moved their embassies to Jerusalem. (Xinhua)

Palestinian security forces, upon the request of Israel to curb guerrilla attacks by militant groups, arrested about 35 members of Hamas in the Gaza Strip. Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin welcomed the news of the roundup calling it "a good sign". (Reuters)

Jordanian and Israeli negotiators met at the Israeli side of the Dead Sea to discuss the issues of border demarcation and water. Both sides said that they had agreed to hold the next round of talks on 10 October at Jordan's Dead Sea Hotel. (Reuters)


17 August The joint Israeli-Palestinian Liaison Committee, headed by Foreign Minister Shimon Peres and Dr. Nabil Shaath, met in Alexandria, Egypt. It was reported that the Committee reached decisions on the issues of: early empowerment of the Palestinian Authority over the rest of the West Bank; release of prisoners; safe passage between Gaza and Jericho; municipal issues; Palestinian Authority employees; and other matters. (Israel Line)


20 August PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat arrived in Geneva and met with Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al-Nahyan, the Emir of the United Arab Emirates. Later on, he flew to Tunis where he met with President Zine El-Abidine Bin Ali. (Xinhua)

The Israeli army shot dead a Palestinian during clashes in Ramallah. Eight other Palestinians were wounded during the clashes. (Reuters)


21 August PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat met in Alexandria with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak before returning to Gaza from a trip which took him to Geneva and Tunis. (Reuters)

Palestinian delegation led by Mr. Yasser Abed Rabbo, in charge of cultural affairs in the Palestinian Authority, met in Amman with Prime Minister Abdulsalam Majali to discuss bilateral matters. (Xinhua)


23 August Four Palestinian police officers, accused of beating to death a Palestinian prisoner, will be tried in civil court next month in Gaza. Farid Jarbua, a resident of Rafah, died in Palestinian police custody the night of 4 July after he was arrested on 25 June for suspicion of collaborating with the Israeli secret service. (AP)


24 August Israeli and PLO negotiators agreed in Cairo that control of health care, tourism, welfare and some other services would be transferred to the Palestinian Authority throughout the West Bank on 12 September. The two sides said that this agreement was an advance part of the agreement on "early empowerment" of Palestinians in areas still occupied by Israel. The Palestinian Authority has taken control of the school system in Ramallah district, a first step towards widening its control over educational affairs in the West Bank. (AP)


25 August Israeli undercover soldiers shot and wounded four Palestinians in a clash at the central market of Nablus. (Reuters)


26 August Pakistan's Prime Minister, Benazir Bhutto, cancelled plans to visit the Gaza Strip, a day after Israel said she would need its permission to enter the area. Prime Minister Bhutto had announced plans to stop in Gaza on her way to the World Population Conference in Cairo. But Israeli's Deputy Foreign Minister Yossi Beillin replied that it was up to Israel "to decide if we accept it or not".

Israeli troops shot and wounded three Palestinians during a clash at the police square in Hebron. (AP)


28 August Two Hamas members joined a temporary town council in Jericho, the first time members of the group have participated in an institution under Palestinian self-rule. But a local Hamas leader said that the movement had not changed its position and that it would not join the "political" institutions of the Palestinian Authority. During a ceremony in the municipal building, the Israeli-appointed mayor submitted his resignation and handed over power to the new council, made up of members from all the major Palestinian political factions in Jericho. (The New York Times)


29 August Israel and the PLO signed at Erez crossing point to Gaza an agreement, called "early empowerment", giving the Palestinian Authority control over education, health care, welfare and taxation in the occupied West Bank. (AP)

Jordanian and Israeli delegates resumed their bilateral talks towards concluding a final peace treaty. (The Christian Science Monitor)
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