|1. In 1967, following its occupation of the West Bank, Israel unilaterally annexed 70.5 km2 of the occupied territory, including East Jerusalem and many neighboring Palestinian villages. The annexation has not been recognized by the international community. See e.g. UN Security Council Resolutions 252, 476 and 478.|
2. Population figures from the Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International Affairs. See PASSIA Diary, 2010, p. 377.
3. The establishment of settlements and the transfer by an Occupying Power of its civilian population into the territory it occupies is prohibited by Article 49 of the Fourth Geneva Convention. The illegal status of Israeli settlements has been confirmed by the International Court of Justice, in its Advisory Opinion on the Wall in 2004, and by the UN Security Council, e.g. in Resolution 465(1980).
4. For an overview of such mechanisms and their use to support the establishment and expansion of settlements in the occupied territory, including East Jerusalem, see e.g. Seizing Control of Space in East Jerusalem (M. Margalit, 2010); Shady Dealings in Silwan (Ir Amim, May 2009): Land Grab: Israel’s Settlement Policy in the West Bank (B’Tselem, 2002); and Ruling Palestine: A History of the Legally Sanctioned Jewish-Israeli Seizure of Land and Housing in Palestine (COHRE / BADIL, 2005).
5. According to Ir Amim, at least 68 properties in East Jerusalem have been transferred to the hands of settler groups in this manner. See Shady Dealings in Silwan (Ir Amim, 2009).
6. As much as 1/3 of the land in Silwan has been handed over to the settler organization Elad by various Israeli government bodies, including the Jewish National Fund, the Israeli Antiquities Authority and the Israeli Nature and Parks Authority. See e.g. Shady Dealings in Silwan (Ir Amim, 2009) and Seizing Control of Space in East Jerusalem (M. Margalit, 2010).
7. Shady Dealings in Silwan, pp. 15-17. (Ir Amim, 2009).
8. The Oxford Archeological Guide to the Holy Land (J. Murphy-O’Connor, Oxford University Press, 2008) states that the origin of the tomb is disputed, with it being attributed either to a Roman matron or to a Jewish High Priest of the 4th Century BC.
9. This includes the Al Kurd family, which was evicted in November 2008; the Hanoun and Al Ghawi families, which were evicted in 2002 and, having reclaimed their homes in 2006, again in August 2009; and the Rifqa Al Kurd family, which lost part of its home to the settler groups in November 2009. In addition, a fourth home was taken over by settlers already in 1967. For detailed information about the cases, see Dispossession and Eviction in Jerusalem: A summary of the Story of Sheikh Jarrah(the Civic Coalition for Defending Palestinian Rights in Jerusalem, 2009).
|10. Israeli courts have not ruled conclusively on the ownership of the land; the families were evicted on the grounds of non-compliance with a 1982 lease agreement which their Israeli lawyer concluded at the time with the settler groups without their consent.|
11. See statements made by the UN and various governments following the evictions. The UN Special Coordinator for the Middle East Process stated, among others, that in addition to being contrary to international law, the evictions heighten tensions and undermine international efforts to create conditions for fruitful negotiations to achieve peace.
12. This includes at least 200 residential units according to Town Plan Scheme 12705, which was submitted to the Jerusalem Local Planning and Building Committee in January 2008. See Seizing Control of Space in East Jerusalem (M. Margalit, June 2010) and Evictions and Settlement Plans in Sheikh Jarrah: the Case of Shimon HaTzadik (Ir Amim, June 2009).
13. Under this scheme, 28 Palestinian refugee families were granted funds to build homes on land provided by the Jordanian government, provided they relinquished their right to food assistance by UNRWA. According to the agreement, the families were to pay a nominal rent for 3 years, after which ownership of the land and the properties would be transferred to them.
14. See Town Planning Schemes 11536 & 2591, referenced in Evictions and Settlement Plans in Sheikh Jarrah: the Case of Shimon HaTzadik (Ir Amim, June 2009).
15. See Settler Compound in East Jerusalem Receives Final Construction Permit (Peace Now, 21 April 2009), available at http://www.peacenow.org.il/ site/en/peace. asp?pi=66&fld=608&docid=3626.
16. Demolitions often affect structures that are built without official building permits, which Palestinian residents are generally unable to obtain due to a combination of strict and obstructive zoning, planning and administrative requirements. See The Planning Crisis in East Jerusalem: Understanding the Phenomenon of “Illegal” Construction (OCHA, April 2009) and No Place Like Home: House Demolitions in East Jerusalem (ICAHD, 2007). Similar trends are evident elsewhere in the West Bank, as outlined in Shrinking Space: the Planning Regime
Applied by Israel in Area C of the West Bank (OCHA, December 2009).
17. See Broken Homes: Addressing the Impact of House Demolitions on Palestinian Children & Families (Palestinian Counseling Center, Save the Children UK and the Welfare Association, April 2009).
18. See Ghost Town: Israel’s Separation Policy and Forced Eviction of Palestinians from the Center of Hebron (B’Tselem / Association for Civil Rights in Israel, May 2007).