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1. The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 17 of Security Council resolution 2139 (2014), in which the Council requested the Secretary-General to report to it on the implementation of the resolution by all parties in the Syrian Arab Republic.
2. The report provides information on the humanitarian situation in the Syrian Arab Republic and on the implementation of the key elements of resolution 2139 (2014), including violations of human rights and international humanitarian law, humanitarian access to besieged and hard-to-reach areas, including across conflict lines and across borders, the expansion of humanitarian relief operations, the free passage of medical personnel, equipment, transport and supplies and the safety and security of personnel engaged in humanitarian relief activities.
3. The report covers the period from 22 February to 21 March 2014. To give the Security Council as full a picture as possible of the situation in the Syrian Arab Republic, some information is included that predates the reporting period (where full data are not yet available for the reporting period or the data presented benefit from contextualization). The information contained herein is based on the limited data to which United Nations actors have access, in addition to reports from open sources, sources in the Government of the Syrian Arab Republic and the independent international commission of inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic.
25. In addition, breaches of existing ceasefire agreements were reported. In the Yarmouk Palestinian refugee camp, clashes resumed on 1 March, preventing the delivery of aid until 18 March when UNRWA was able to deliver 1,020 food parcels and other relief items. Malnutrition continues to be a serious concern for residents
of the camp.