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Source: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
21 August 2014




Highlights
Situation Overview

Priorities & Messages

Humanitarian space must be guaranteed to carry out life-saving activities, repair critical water networks, remove UXOs and protect children.

Additional fuel is urgently needed to operate backup generators at essential facilities, including water, sanitation and health, for longer hours.

Strengthen response to IDPs including in non-UNRWA facilities and with host families.

All parties have obligations under international law to protect children from violence and harm. This includes ensuring humanitarian access and space for essential services to reach the population in need.


Summary Analysis of Programme response

The major escalation in the conflict has resulted in severe restrictions on humanitarian access and emergency response. UNICEF and partners, like most UN agencies and NG0s, are unable to reach many conflict-affected populations due to the risk of harm to humanitarians.

UNICEF's emergency response in Gaza is focusing on supporting conflict-affected populations inside collective shelters and in host communities. In East Jerusalem and the West Bank, UNICEF's support will expand with a focus on families affected by recent violence and hostilities.

Water Sanitation and Hygiene


Child Protection
Child Deaths

Between 8 July and 20 August 2014, at least 469 Palestinian children were reported killed.

292 boys and 177 girls, aged between 10 days and 17 years old.

67%, are 12 years old or younger.

Child casualties now exceed the combined number of children killed in the two previous conflicts in Gaza, which was 350 in 2008-9 and in 35 in 2012.


Education and Adolescents


Health & Nutrition
Humanitarian leadership and coordination

UNICEF leads the Child Protection Working Group and affiliated groups for mental health and psychosocial sevices (MHPSS), and for monitoring and reporting of grave violations against children (MRM). These groups have been merged to maximise coordination of child protection responses during the emergency.

UNICEF continues to lead the WASH cluster and co-lead the Education cluster with Save the Children, both in Gaza and at the national level, with dedicated staff capacity.

Emergency Operations Centres (EOC) have been established in Gaza and Ramallah.


Steve Catling, UNICEF Emergency Specialist, State of Palestine Tel: +972 54 778 7608 Email: scatling@unicef.org
Twitter: UNICEFpalestine, www.facebook.com/unicefstateofpalestine


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