FAO in the 2017 humanitarian appeals
Saving livelihoods saves lives
West Bank and Gaza Strip
1.6 million food insecure
Food insecurity affects more than one in four Palestinians and a quarter of the population live in poverty. This is primarily due to poor livelihood opportunities and a lack of economic access to food, resulting largely from access restrictions to natural resources and limitations on the movement of people and goods. For example, one-third of agricultural land is inaccessible and fishers can only sail six nautical miles from Gaza's coast, which limits their catch.
Following the July to August 2014 conflict, more than 50 000 people remain displaced, with their situation compounded by the ten-year Israeli blockade and related restrictions on trade and movement. The violence resulted in significant damages and losses to the country's agriculture sector — in excess of USD 500 million — including crops, livestock and agricultural assets and infrastructure. The slow pace of reconstruction of damaged assets has significantly impeded the recovery of agriculture-based livelihoods. In 2017, support is urgently needed to address the overall food insecurity of Palestinians, reduce their dependency on humanitarian relief and contribute to recovery and institution building in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
DID YOU KNOW?
• 40% of Palestinians - roughly 2 million people - will need humanitarian assistance in 2017.
• An estimated 50000 people remain displaced in the Gaza Strip following the 2014 conflict. Most rely heavily on negative coping strategies - borrowing money, buying food on credit or decreasing the quantity and quality of food consumed.
• Approximately 50% of the population suffers from more than one micron utrient deficiency.
• Around 60% of communities in Area C - where the bulk of Palestinian agricultural and grazing land is located lack access to a water network, forcing them to buy water at unaffordable rates.
FAO has been helping hundreds of vulnerable Palestinian households in the Gaza Strip with livelihood support that is enhancing their nutrition and providing a valuable source of income. Vegetable and livestock production kits, alongwith training, have enabled families to establish and expand backyard gardens leading to a 45 percent average increase in monthly income from agricultural activities. Baseline and endline tracking of nutrition, through Household Dietary Diversity Scores, showed a significant increase across several different food categories- including nearly a 20 percentincrease in beneficiaries' fruit and vegeta ble consumption as well as more than 10 percent increase in eggs, pulses and fish consumption. These livelihood activities have not only enhanced dietary diversity and improved the nutrition of families, but has also given women-headed households a much-needed boost to their income.
FAO is working with partners in the Food Security Sector to:
• protect the livelihoods and enhance the resilience of populations at risk of natural and human-induced shocks;
• assist families that lack economic access to food to meet their food and nutrition needs; and
• strengthen coordination and information sharing for harmonized preparedness, advocacy and response.
FAO seeks funding to:
Restore the capacity of vulnerable farming households and livestock holders
crop and vegetable seed • drought-tolerant fodder seed • repair of irrigation systems • tools • fertilizer • conditional cash assistance • repair of roads for agricultural land access • fodder • veterinary support materials • vaccines • water storage units • restocking • dairy processing instruments • materials to winterize sheds • animal cages
Enhance the ability of farmers to cope with pests and environmental shocks pheromone traps • injection devices • training/capacity building
Strengthen the food security coordination system Food Security Sector dashboard maintenance • needs assessments • surveys • local capacity development • information sharing for planning and response