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The President (spoke in French): I now call on His Excellency Mr. Musa Abdussalam Kousa, Secretary of the General People’s Committee for Foreign Liaison and International Cooperation of the Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamarihiya.
Mr. Kousa (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya) (spoke in Arabic): ...
We must distinguish between the heinous phenomenon of terrorism and the deliberate biased distortion of the struggle of nations languishing under occupation. The Palestinian people are waging an incredible struggle against enemies nourished by a racist creed, who deny the right of that oppressed people to existence and self-determination.
The world understands the suffering and losses of the Palestinian people over 62 years. We cannot deny the facts of history. This question cannot be settled through the so-called peace process, because it will go on indefinitely. The solution, rather, is the establishment of one democratic State in which all can coexist, without discrimination, in accordance with the suggestion by our brother Muammar Al-Qadhafi in his “White Book” regarding Isratine.
The President (spoke in French): I now call on His Excellency Mr. Sayid Badr bin Hamad Al-Busaidi, State Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Sultanate of Oman.
Mr. Al-Busaidi (Oman) (spoke in Arabic): ...
We wish to stress our strong belief in the absolute necessity of finding a solution to the chronic conflict in the Middle East. Although we support the direct negotiations between the Palestinians and the Israelis, sponsored by the United States of America, we still feel that the Israeli policy is vague with regard to accepting Israel’s responsibility towards the requirements of peace: the establishment of an independent, sovereign and viable Palestinian State, with East Jerusalem as its capital, and Israel’s withdrawal from all Arab lands to the borders of 4 June 1967.
We look forward to an active, positive and continuing role by United States President Barack Obama in order to reach a just and comprehensive settlement. We call upon Israel to grasp this historic opportunity to establish partnership in peace and security with the Arab countries.
The President (spoke in French): I now call on His Excellency Mr. Kamel Morjane, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Tunisia.
Mr. Morjane (Tunisia) (spoke in Arabic): ...
Tunisia has continuously played an efficient role in dealing with Arab causes, in the forefront of which is the Palestinian cause, through its firm and unwavering position supporting the brotherly Palestinian people at all stages of their legitimate struggle, and calling for a fair, durable and comprehensive solution that can put an end to the suffering of our Palestinian brothers and allow them to recover their legitimate national rights and establish their independent State on their land.
In this context, Tunisia expresses its deep concern about the situation in the Middle East, as a result of Israel’s disrespect for international legality and the basic principles of the peace process, its persistence in the settlement policy and its attempts to obliterate the Arab-Muslim identity of the city of Al-Quds Al-Sharif.
Tunisia expresses its hope that the resumption of direct peace talks, launched on 2 September in Washington under the sponsorship of the United States, will meet the legitimate aspirations of the brotherly Palestinian people.
We also call on all the influential parties on the international scene, particularly the Quartet, to act to bring Israel to adhere to the requirements of peace, on the basis of international legality, the principles of the peace process, and the Arab Peace Initiative, and in accordance with a specific time schedule that covers all the relevant main points.
Tunisia also reiterates its call for an end to the Israeli occupation of the Syrian Golan and the remaining occupied Lebanese territories, in accordance with international legality, so that all the peoples of the region can enjoy security and peace, and devote their efforts to construction and development for a better future.
The President (spoke in French): I call on His Excellency Mr. R.M. Marty Natalegawa, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia.
Mr. Natalegawa (Indonesia): ...
Indonesia will also work tirelessly to ensure that the United Nations continues to discharge its historic responsibilities on the question of Palestine. Thus we welcome and support the resumption of direct negotiations between Israel and Palestine. This is a precious opportunity for Palestine and Israel to find solutions on all final status issues.
We therefore strongly deplore the decision by the Israeli Government not to extend the moratorium on the building of settlements in the occupied territory. Such a decision does not in any way contribute to a climate conducive for the direct negotiations.
We will continue to contribute to the capacity-building of Palestine, to support the Palestinian people in preparing for the day when they finally exercise their right of sovereignty.
The President (spoke in French): I call on His Highness Sheikh Abdullah Bin Zayed Al-Nahyan, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the United Arab Emirates.
Sheikh Al-Nahyan (United Arab Emirates) (spoke in Arabic): ...
The United Arab Emirates believes that peace in the Middle East and resolution of the Arab-Israeli conflict cannot be achieved without ending the Israeli occupation of the occupied Palestinian and other Arab territories. Israel’s withdrawal to the line of 4 June 1967, including East Jerusalem, the Syrian Golan Heights and the remaining occupied territories in southern Lebanon, is also required in order to achieve a just and comprehensive peace in accordance with the resolutions of international legitimacy, and based on the principle of land for peace and the Arab Peace Initiative.
The United Arab Emirates stands by the Palestinian National Authority, and supports the Palestinian people in their quest to achieve their national goals and restore their inalienable legitimate rights. We commend President Mahmoud Abbas for his persistent efforts to realize the interests of the Palestinian people and restore their rights.
We affirm our support for the position adopted by the Palestinian National Authority in the direct negotiations with the Israeli. We hope that the independent Palestinian State, with its capital Al-Quds Al-Sharif, will see the light of day next year.
We welcome the statement of Mr. Barack Obama, President of the United States, to the General Assembly, and his strong commitment to the achievement of peace in the Middle East. We also welcome his emphasis on the importance of leading direct negotiations into final results within a year, and seeing Palestine take its seat in the General Assembly at the sixty-sixth session. In this context, we rely on an effective American role, and active regional and international support for the peace process in the Middle East.
Our commitment to the achievement of peace as a strategic choice means that we must condemn the Israeli practices against the Palestinian people, including the collective punishment policy and the inhumane blockade imposed on the Palestinian people in Gaza. We also condemn other flagrant Israeli violations of international law and of the principles and purposes of the Charter.
In that connection, we emphasize that the continuation of the Israeli settlement activities, confiscation and Judaization of the occupied Palestinian and other Arab territories run counter to the pursuit of peace. We say to Israel: Either choose to pursue peace or insist on pressing ahead with settlements. Combining the two is incompatible with peace.
The President (spoke in French): I call on His Excellency Mr. Moussa Faki Mahamat, Minister for Foreign Affairs and African Integration of the Republic of Chad.
Mr. Mahamat (Chad) (spoke in French): ...
I turn to the issue of Israel and Palestine. We remain constant in our support for this Organization and the Government of the United States with regard to reaching a peace agreement allowing the peaceful coexistence of two sovereign States. To that end, we support President Barack Obama in his courageous initiative with the two parties. We sincerely hope that his mission will succeed.
The President (spoke in French): I now give the floor to His Excellency Mr. Moctar Ouane, Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the Republic of Mali.
Mr. Ouane (Mali) (spoke in French): ...
In the Middle East, we reaffirm our solidarity with our brother Palestinian people in their courageous struggle for the creation of an independent and sovereign State with Al-Quds Al-Sharif as its capital, and we have closely followed the evolving situation in that part of the world and continue to support the relevant resolutions of the United Nations in this area.
The Acting President: I now give the floor to His Excellency Mr. Georges Rebelo Chikoti, Secretary of State for External Relations of the Republic of Angola.
Mr. Chikoti (Angola) (spoke in Portuguese; English text provided by the delegation): ...
A situation that is certainly of concern to all of us is the conflict in the Middle East. Angola recognizes that it has lasted a long time, with serious consequences for the population. Therefore we support the resumption of peace talks by President Barack Obama with a view to creating a Palestinian State that coexists peacefully with the State of Israel.
The Acting President: I now give the floor to His Excellency Mr. Claude Heller, chair of the delegation of the United Mexican States.
Mr. Heller (Mexico) (spoke in Spanish): ...
In the Middle East, despite 60 years of conflict and scepticism due to past failures, there is renewed hope for peace, thanks to the resumption of direct talks between the Government of Israel and the Palestinian Authority. The creation of a politically and economically viable Palestinian State, living in peace side by side with Israel, within secure and internationally recognized borders, is an essential condition for the establishment of lasting peace in the Middle East. We particularly welcome the efforts of the Administration of President Barack Obama to achieve that goal.
Mexico expresses its strong support for the ongoing negotiations. Nonetheless, the hope of a definitive agreement is marred by the threats and provocations of extremist forces that seek to derail direct negotiations. The leaders of Israel and the Palestinian Authority have an appointment with history. Let us hope that they are up to the challenge. To that end they can count on the unstinting support of States genuinely committed to the peace process.
The Acting President: I now give the floor to His Excellency, Mr. Carsten Staur, chair of the delegation of the Kingdom of Denmark.
Mr. Staur (Denmark): ...
Denmark welcomes the recent relaunch of direct negotiations between the leaders of Israel and the Palestinian Authority on reaching an agreement on all the core issues within one year. We also welcome the Quartet’s statement encouraging these negotiations. They will be difficult, but we believe that an agreement is possible and that it is in the interest not only of Israelis and Palestinians, but also of the peoples in the region and beyond. We strongly support the United States efforts to facilitate the negotiations, and we call on the parties to negotiate in good faith and to live up to their obligations. The direct peace talks actualize the importance of enhanced international political and financial support for Palestinian State-building. Denmark and the European Union stand ready to assist in fulfilling the goals of two States for two peoples living side by side in peace and security.
The Acting President: I now give the floor to His Excellency Mr. Michel Kafando, chair of the delegation of Burkina Faso.
Mr. Kafando (Burkina Faso) (spoke in French): ...
The situation in the Near and Middle East is strongly marked by the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the Iranian nuclear question. Burkina Faso welcomes the easing of the Gaza blockade and reiterates its call for a total lifting of the embargo. We welcome the direct talks under way between the parties to the conflict. A comprehensive and lasting peace is the only way to ensure the freedom of the Palestinian people in an independent State with secure and recognized borders, the security of Israel, and regional stability.
The President (spoke in French): I now give the floor to His Excellency Mr. Marten Grunditz, head of the delegation of the Kingdom of Sweden.
Mr. Grunditz (Sweden): ...
In the Middle East the responsibility for the success of direct negotiations lies with the two parties. But we all share an interest in, and must contribute to, a two-State solution with Israel and Palestine living side by side in peace and security. We deeply regret the Israeli decision not to extend the moratorium on settlements. The context of direct negotiations, as stated in European Union Council conclusions, must be that negotiations should be based on the pre-1967 borders, that settlements are illegal, that all final status issues are to be included in the negotiations — including the status of Jerusalem as capital of two States — and that both parties are to refrain from provocative actions.
The President (spoke in French): I now give the floor to His Excellency, Mr. Gert Rosenthal, chair of the delegation of the Republic of Guatemala.
Mr. Rosenthal (Guatemala) (spoke in Spanish): ...
It is commonly held that without peace there can be no development. Promising signs have been seen in various parts of the world, which, we hope, may lead to the resolution of long-standing tensions. We trust that the direct negotiations recently begun in the Middle East will be fruitful and lead to a Palestinian State that can coexist with Israel in peace and harmony, within borders that are secure for both parties.
The President (spoke in French): I now call on His Excellency Mr. Antonio Pedro Monteiro Lima, head of the delegation of the Republic of Cape Verde.
Mr. Lima (Cape Verde) (spoke in French): ...
Cape Verde has always favoured universal and total disarmament. It wishes to help create a world where fear of the other is replaced by the need to cooperate with the other and a recognition of the other as a necessary, complementary partner. We continue to believe, for instance, in the future of talks between Israel and the Palestinians, and we continue to hope that we will see a Middle East with two independent States living side by side in peace and security. But restoring credibility to the Middle East peace process requires, more than anything else, that the parties honour their own obligations, which derive from their commitments and from decisions and resolutions agreed to here in the United Nations. From this point of view, putting an end to hostilities in Gaza and on Israeli soil, halting settlement in the occupied territories, dismantling the wall and ending the blockade seem to us incontrovertible imperatives. We ardently hope that the new talks will bring us closer to peace.