|Civilian injuries and extensive damage from Israeli airstrikes
Following a relative lull during the previous reporting period, hostilities again escalated between Palestinian armed groups and Israeli forces this week. On 31 January, Palestinian factions shot a number of rockets towards southern Israel, none of which caused injuries or damage. In response, the Israeli air force conducted a series of airstrikes across the Gaza Strip, which, according to the IDF spokesperson, targeted buildings used for the production or storage of rockets. However, they resulted in 10 civilian injuries and significant damage to civilian homes, public services and agricultural property. One of the attacks, targeting a building in Beit Lahiya, resulted in the injury of two civilians; the death of approximately 1,200 small livestock , including 150 cattle, 400 rabbits, 600 pigeons, and 60 hens; and damage to adjacent structures, including five homes, two schools, an educational center and an office building. Another strike directed at a building inside Gaza city, ended with two women injured, as well as damage to four homes and a school. Finally, in a strike targeting a site northwest of Rafah, six civilians, including a child and a woman, were injured, and two homes, 13 greenhouses and a water well were damaged.
Earlier on the same day, Israeli forces opened fire at demonstrators approaching the fence separating Gaza and Israel, east of Jabaliya, at approximately 100 meters from the fence; seven civilians were injured, including four by live ammunition. At least three additional incidents involving the opening of warning fire by Israeli forces at civilians present in areas along the fence were recorded during the week, alongside seven other affecting fishermen at sea; no casualties or damage were reported. On 28 January, Israeli forces conducted two limited incursions into Gaza in areas up to 300 meters from the fence (southeast of al-Maghazi and east of Khan Younis) and withdrew after carrying out land leveling operations.