CHRONOLOGY OF THE ELECTRICITY CRISIS IN THE GAZA STRIP2002 – The Gaza Power Plant (GPP), a private company, becomes operational as Gaza’s sole power producer.
2004 – The GPP reaches its maximum production capacity of 140 MW, filling the production gap remaining after electricity purchased from Israel and Egypt are received (120 MW and 17 MW respectively).
28 June 2006 – The Israeli Air Force bombs the GPP destroying all six transformers at the plant; production is halted.
June 2006 – The European Commission (EC) begins subsidizing fuel for the GPP.
November 2006 – Seven transformers with lower capacity are installed and partial production resumes, reaching 65 MW at peak production. (A year later, the plant’s production capacity had reached 80 MW).
June 2007 – Israel imposes a blockade on the Gaza Strip, which severely restricts the import of necessary electrical equipment, spare parts, consumables and essential electrical inputs.
19 September 2007 – The Israeli Cabinet declares the Gaza Strip a ‘hostile territory’ and imposes further restrictions, including a restriction on all types of fuel allowed into the Gaza Strip5.
28 October 2007 – Israel begins implementing the September 2007 Cabinet decision regarding fuel restrictions.
30 January 2008 – The Israeli Supreme Court rejects a petition by human rights groups challenging the government’s decision to reduce the electricity and fuel supply to the Gaza Strip6.
November 2009 – The contract between the EC and the Palestinian Authority (PA) which provides for the EC’s direct subsidy to the fuel purchase for the Gaza Power Plant, expires.
January 2010 to present – Shortage of fuel for the GPP leads to further power cuts.
April 2010 -The PA establishes a mechanism to generate funds from the private sector, international organizations, PA ministries and others that can be used to pay for consumed fuel. Israel approves entry of PA-purchased electricity meters and paper, to measure household electricity consumption and issue bills.