|Box 1: Israeli disengagement from the Gaza Strip and implications|
On 12 September 2005, the IDF completed its withdrawal of personnel and equipment from the Gaza Strip. This marked the end of the unilateral Israeli disengagement that commenced on 15 August with the removal of Israeli settlers from the Gaza Strip. It also marked the end of Israeli presence inside the Gaza Strip for the first time since the Six-Day War in 1967 (see maps p.2-3).
On 15 November 2005, an agreement was reached between the Government of Israel (GoI) and the Palestinian Authority (PA) “…facilitating the movement of people and goods within the Palestinian Territories and on opening an international crossing on the Gaza-Egypt border that will put the Palestinians in control of the entry and exit of people”. The agreement also spoke of the
movement of Palestinians from the Gaza Strip to the West Bank through Erez crossing and an increased flow of goods, especially exports.