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On 3 January, the Council held consultations of the whole on the situation in Gaza.
On 6 and 7 January, the Council held a public debate at the ministerial level on the item entitled “The situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian question”. During the debate, the Secretary-General, the President of the Palestinian National Authority, the representative of Israel, and representatives of other States Members of the United Nations (including Ministers for Foreign Affairs, in particular of the Arab League States) made statements.
On 8 January, after thorough consultations, including at the ministerial level, the Council held a meeting presided over by the Minister for Foreign Affairs of France, Bernard Kouchner, at which it adopted resolution 1860 (2009) by 14 votes in favour, with 1 abstention. In the resolution the Council called for an immediate, durable and fully respected ceasefire, leading to the full withdrawal of Israeli forces from Gaza.
On 13 January, during consultations of the whole, the Council was briefed by the Secretary-General before his visit to the Middle East. In their statements, Council members welcomed the efforts of the Secretary-General.
On 15 January, in consultations of the whole, the Council was briefed by the Assistant Secretary-General for Political Affairs, Haile Menkerios, on the situation in Gaza, following the attacks on the headquarters of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA). During the consultations, there was an agreement on elements for remarks to be made by the President to the press. The President of the Council expressed grave concern, in particular following the military operations against hospitals, a building hosting journalists and the headquarters of UNRWA.
On 21 January, the Council held a public meeting to receive a briefing by the Secretary-General following his visit to the Middle East. During the consultations of the whole that followed, members of the Council agreed to issue a statement to the press, in which they welcomed the ceasefire in Gaza, expressed their strong appreciation for the efforts of the Secretary-General and reiterated their grave concern at the humanitarian situation in Gaza.
On 27 January, the Council held a meeting at which it heard briefings by the Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator and by the Commissioner-General of UNRWA, Karen AbuZayd, on the situation in Gaza. It was the first time that a Commissioner-General of UNRWA was invited to address the Council. Both the Under-Secretary-General and the Commissioner-General expressed great concern about the humanitarian situation in Gaza and stressed the importance of free access for humanitarian aid. The meeting was followed by consultations of the whole.